Ecosystem Processes

The physical, chemical, and biological processes that link organisms and their environment.

Ecosystem Processes

 

Ecosystem processes are the physical, chemical, and biological processes that link organisms and their environment. These may include biogeochemical/nutrient cycling, energy flow, and food web dynamics. An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment, interacting as a system. It can be broken down further into categories such as an aquatic ecosystem which involves a body of water, or even further to marine ecosystem or freshwater ecosystem.

 

Organisms feed off one another in a balanced food chain, but small changes to the seascape may significantly impact the existing balance. By just impacting one population, the effects may propagate to all other species in the area, potentially leading to overpopulation, decimation, habitat changes, changes in the nutrient cycle, energy flow, resource availability, etc. As offshore wind and marine renewable energy devices enter the water, any stressor could alter the flow of energy or physical environment enough to upset the balance of the ecosystem. However, the particular concerns are changes in flow and impacts on water quality.

 

Photo Credit: NOAA

Total Results: 201
Title Author Datesort ascending Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
The future of coastal and estuarine modeling: Findings from a workshop Fringer, O., et al. November 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Ecosystem Processes
Offshore oil production platforms as potential sources of larvae to coastal shelf regions off southern California Nishimoto, M., Simons, R., Love, M. October 2019 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates
Development and application of a low-cost rapid assessment system for coastal benthic habitats Benjamin, C., et al. September 2019 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Wake Interactions of Marine Hydrokinetic Turbines Gotelli, C., et al. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Riverine Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes
The ecology of infrastructure decommissioning in the North Sea: what we need to know and how to achieve it Fowler, A., et al. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Ecosystem Processes, Nearfield Habitat
A framework to evaluate the environmental impact of OCEAN energy devices Mendoza, E., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Ocean Current, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Offshore Wind Attraction, Avoidance, Collision, Noise Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Environmental Impact Assessment
Vitamine ENA: A framework for the development of ecosystem-based indicators for decision makers Safi, G., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Sensitivity Modeling and Site Characterization Guttenplan, K., Koopman, M., Belin, D. May 2019 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Nearfield Habitat
Positive ecological effects of wind farms on vegetation in China’s Gobi desert Xu, K., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Ecosystem Processes
Effects of established offshore wind farms on energy flow of coastal ecosystems: A case study of the Rudong offshore wind farms in China Wang, J., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation Volume III: Ecological Issues and Environmental Impacts Sheppard, C. January 2019 Book Noise Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Fisheries, Legal & Policy
Status and Trends for the World’s Kelp Forests Wernberg, T., et al. January 2019 Book Chapter Ecosystem Processes
Salt Marshes: Their Role in Our Society and Threats Posed to Their Existence Giuliani, S., Bellucci, L. January 2019 Book Chapter Ecosystem Processes
From ocean sprawl to blue-green infrastructure – A UK perspective on an issue of global significance Evans, A., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Wind farms have cascading impacts on ecosystems across trophic levels Thaker, M., Zambre, A., Bhosale, H. December 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Birds, Raptors, Ecosystem Processes
Linking ecosystem services with epibenthic biodiversity change following installation of offshore wind farms Causon, P., Gill, A. November 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Invertebrates, Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Connectivity of larval stages of sedentary marine communities between hard substrates and offshore structures in the North Sea van der Molen, J., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Attraction, Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes
Ecological best practice in decommissioning: a review of scientific research Fortune, I., Paterson, D. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Benthic production and energy export from man-made structures to softbottoms: does it matter? Dannheim, J., et al. September 2018 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes
An ecosystem approach for studying the impact of offshore wind farms: a French case study Pezy, J., Raoux, A., Dauvin, J. September 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Appendix M-1 Biological Assessment for Project Icebreaker EDR, D.P.C. September 2018 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
Measuring sensitivity of two OSPAR indicators for a coastal food web model under offshore wind farm construction Raoux, A., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
Zooplankton Community Responses and the Relation to Environmental Factors from Established Offshore Wind Farms within the Rudong Coastal Area of China Wang, T., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment, Water Quality
Contributions of marine infrastructures to marine planning and protected area networking Shabtay, A., Portman, M., Carmel, Y. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
The large-scale impact of offshore wind farm structures on pelagic primary productivity in the southern North Sea Slavik, K., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Invertebrates
Using Coupled Hydrodynamic Biogeochemical Models to Predict the Effects of Tidal Turbine Arrays on Phytoplankton Dynamics Schuchert, P., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes
A portfolio model for siting offshore wind farms with economic and environmental objectives Cranmer, A., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
The association of windmills with conservation of pollinating insects and wild plants in homogeneous farmland of western Poland Pustkowiak, S., et al. March 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes
Compatibility of offshore energy installations with marine protected areas Thurstan, R., Yates, K., O'Leary, B. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
Assessing cumulative socio-ecological impacts of offshore wind farm development in the Bay of Seine (English Channel) Raoux, A., et al. February 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Habitat risk assessment for regional ocean planning in the U.S. Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Wyatt, K., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Ecosystem Processes
Habitat Mapping and Assessment of Northeast Wind Energy Areas Guida, V., et al. December 2017 Report Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates
Sensitivity of tidal lagoon and barrage hydrodynamic impacts and energy outputs to operational characteristics Angeloudis, A., Falconer, R. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Ecosystem Processes
Modeling Baseline Conditions of Ecological Indicators: Marine Renewable Energy Environmental Monitoring Linder, H., Horne, J., Ward, E. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Ecosystem Processes
Vegetation Cover Change of Çeşme Alaçatı Wind Power Plant Using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) Balik, G., et al. September 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes
Detecting Wind Farm Impacts on Local Vegetation Growth in Texas and Illinois Using MODIS Vegetation Greenness Measurements Xia, G., Zhou, L. July 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes
Turning Off the DRIP ('Data-Rich, Information-Poor') - Rationalising Monitoring with a Focus on Marine Renewable Energy Developments and the Benthos Wilding, T., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Invertebrates, Ecosystem Processes
Environmental and Structural Safety Issues Related to Wind Energy Dai, K., Gao, K., Huang, Z. May 2017 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
Wildlife and Wind Farms - Conflicts and Solutions, Volume 1 Onshore: Potential Effects Perrow, M. April 2017 Book Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Bats, Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Terrestrial Mammals
Renewable energy and biodiversity: Implications for transitioning to a Green Economy Gasparatos, A., et al. April 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Ecosystem Processes
Effects of ocean sprawl on ecological connectivity: impacts and solutions Bishop, M., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes
Appendix I Aquatic Ecological Resource Characterization and Impact Assessment LimnoTech January 2017 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Benthic and Fish Aggregation Inside an Offshore Wind Farm: Which Effects on the Trophic Web Functioning? Raoux, A., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Invertebrates, Ecosystem Processes
Application of Reanalysis Data to Estimate Offshore Wind Potential in EEZ of India Based on Marine Ecosystem Considerations Nagababu, G., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
The Role of Tidal Lagoons Hendry, C. December 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Ecosystem Processes
Offshore Renewable Energy and Nature Conservation: The Case of Marine Tidal Turbines in Northern Ireland Haslett, J., et al. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Ecosystem Processes
Review of Information Sources to Support Connectivity Assessments under the Habitats Regulations Carse, L. November 2016 Report Marine Energy (General) Ecosystem Processes
Achieving Blue Growth through Maritime Spatial Planning: Offshore Wind Energy Optimization and Biodiversity Conservation in Spain Rodríguez-Rodríguez, D., et al. November 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Marine Spatial Planning Advancing the Ecosystem-Based Approach to Coastal Zone Management: A Review Domínguez-Tejo, E., et al. October 2016 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Characterizing Biological Impacts at Marine Renewable Energy Sites Wiesebron, L., Horne, J., Hendrix, N. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Ecosystem Processes
Effects of Renewable Energy Production and Infrastructure on Wildlife Sanchez-Zapata, J., et al. May 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General) Ecosystem Processes
Current tidal power technologies and their suitability for applications in coastal and marine areas Roberts, A., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World Copping, A., et al. April 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Attraction, Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Collision, EMF, Entrapment, Habitat Change, Noise Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Reptiles, Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Modelling impacts of offshore wind farms on trophic web: the Courseulles-sur-Mer case study Raoux, A., et al. April 2016 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
A Conceptual Model to Determine Vulnerability of Wildlife Populations to Offshore Wind Energy Development Goodale, M., Stenhouse, J. April 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
Expected Effects of Offshore Wind Farms on Mediterranean Marine Life Bray, L., et al. March 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
Offshore Wind Farm Site Selection Study around Jeju Island, South Korea Kim, T., Park, J., Maeng, J. January 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
How Might We Assess and Manage the Effects of Underwater Noise on Populations of Marine Animals? Tasker, M. January 2016 Book Chapter Noise Ecosystem Processes
Evaluating Threats in Multinational Marine Ecosystems: A Coast Salish First Nations and Tribal Perspective Gaydos, J., Thixton, S., Donatuto, J. December 2015 Journal Article Chemicals, Collision, Noise Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Social & Economic Data
Energy Systems and their Impacts on Marine Ecosystem Services Papathanasopoulou, E., et al. December 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Social & Economic Data
Acoustic Indices for Biodiversity Assessments: Analyses of Bias Based on Simulated Bird Assemblages and Recommendations for Field Surveys Gasc, A., et al. November 2015 Journal Article Birds, Ecosystem Processes
A Scenario-Based Approach to Evaluating Potential Environmental Impacts Following a Tidal Barrage Installation Kidd, I., et al. November 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment
The Marine Spatial Classification and the Identification of Priority Conservation Areas (PCAs) for Marine Biodiversity Conservation - A Case Study of the Offshore China Hao, H., Bin, C., Jinlan, L. November 2015 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes
Wales' Marine Evidence Report Welsh Government October 2015 Report Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Legal & Policy, Social & Economic Data
Assessing the structure and temporal dynamics of seabird communities: the challenge of capturing marine ecosystem complexity Moreno, R., et al. October 2015 Journal Article Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem Processes
An Interim Framework for Assessing the Population Consequences of Disturbance King, S., et al. October 2015 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 FLOWBEC Platform Fluorometer Data October 2015 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Ecosystem Processes
Toward Wind Farm Monitoring Optimization: Assessment of Ecological Zones from Marine Landscapes using Machine Learning Algorithms Grilli, A., Shumchenia, E. September 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
Genetic Approaches to the Conservation of Migratory Bats: A Study of the Eastern Red Bat (Lasiurus borealis) Vonhof, M., Russell, A. May 2015 Journal Article Bats, Ecosystem Processes
Practical Management of Cumulative Anthropogenic Impacts with Working Marine Examples Wright, A., Kyhn, L. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Ecosystem Processes
The Impact of Debris on Marine Life Gall, S., Thompson, R. March 2015 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes
Embracing Thresholds for Better Environmental Management Kelly, R., et al. March 2015 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes
A bat fatality risk model at wind farms in Dobrogea, Romania, using a GIS approach Măntoiu, D., et al. March 2015 Presentation Wind Energy (General) Bats, Ecosystem Processes
Optimising Array Form for Energy Extraction and Environmental Benefit (EBAO) Smith, H. March 2015 Report Marine Energy (General) Noise Ecosystem Processes
Using Environmental Impact Assessment and Post-Construction Monitoring Data to Inform Wind Energy Developments Zwart, M., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Ecosystem Processes
Marine Defaunation: Animal Loss in the Global Ocean McCauley, D., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes
Renewables-To-Reefs? Decommissioning Options for the Offshore Wind Power Industry Smyth, K., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
Planning for Net Biodiversity Gains: A Case Study of Hau_uru m_ raki Wind Farm, New Zealand Craig, J., et al. January 2015 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Ecosystem Processes
Offshore Wind Farms in the Southwestern Baltic Sea: A Model Study of Regional Impacts on Oxygen Conditions Janßen, H., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
Special Issue: Renewable Ocean Energy Development and the Environment Zydlewski, G., Copping, A., Redden, A. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
Wind Farms and Biodiversity: Improving Environmental Risk Assessments Boothroyd, I., Barea, L. January 2015 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Ecosystem Processes
Multiple Stressors and Multifunctionality: Limited Effects on an Illuminated Benthic System Alsterberg, C., Sundbäck, K., Gamfeldt, L. December 2014 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes, Nearfield Habitat
The Influence of Large Offshore Wind Farms on the North Sea and Baltic Sea - A Comprehensive Literature Review Clark, S., Schroeder, F., Baschek, B. December 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment, Water Quality
Regime Shifts in Exploited Marine Food Webs: Detecting Mechanisms Underlying Alternative Stable States using Size-Structured Community Dynamics Theory Gårdmark, A., et al. November 2014 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes
Eco-Maintenance for Complex Systems: Application on System of Renewable Energy Production Tchertchian, N., Millet, D. November 2014 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
Oil Platforms off California are Among the Most Productive Marine Fish Habitats Globally Claisse, J., et al. September 2014 Journal Article Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Fish
Assessing Environmental Impacts of Offshore Wind Farms: Lessons Learned and Recommendations for the Future Bailey, H., Brookes, K., Thompson, P. September 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Attraction, Avoidance, Collision, Displacement, Noise Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Marine Mammals
Biodiversity Offsets for Offshore Wind Farm Projects: The Current Situation in Europe Vaissière, A., et al. September 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
Predicting the Large-Scale Consequences of Offshore Wind Turbine Array Development on a North Sea Ecosystem van der Molen, J., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment
Spatial and Temporal Benthic Species Assemblage Responses with a Deployed Marine Tidal Energy Device: A Small Scaled Study Broadhurst, M., Orme, C. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Invertebrates, Ecosystem Processes
Marine Mammals Trace Anthropogenic Structures at Sea Russell, D., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Assessing the Vulnerability of the Marine Bird Community in the Western North Sea to Climate Change and Other Anthropogenic Impacts Burthe, S., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem Processes
Similar Diversity-Disturbance Responses to Different Physical Impacts: Three Cases of Small-Scale Biodiversity Increase in the Belgian Part of the North Sea De Backer, A., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment
A Sustainability Index of Potential Co-Location of Offshore Wind Farms and Open Water Aquaculture Benassai, G., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
EcoSpatial Information Database: U.S. Atlantic Region Madsen, K., et al. May 2014 Report Invertebrates, Ecosystem Processes, Fish
Assessing Marine Ecosystem Acoustic Diversity Across Ocean Basins Parks, S., Miksis-Olds, J., Denes, S. May 2014 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes
California Current Cetacean & Ecosystem Assessment Survey (CalCurCEAS): Final Report to Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regarding Surveys of Windfloat and Wave Energy Areas Barlow, J., Henry, A., Ballance, L. April 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Scaling of Spatial and Temporal Biological Variability at Marine Renewable Energy Sites Jacques, D., Horne, J. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) Ecosystem Processes, Fish
First Interim Report of the Working Group on Marine Renewable Energy (WGMRE) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea April 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Ecosystem Processes
Review of Environmental Data Associated with Post-Consent Monitoring of Licence Conditions of Offshore Wind Farms Marine Management Organisation April 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Marine Mammals

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