Lighting

Light added for navigational purposes may attract or disorient organisms.

Lighting

 

The extent of lighting on artificial structures is determined by regulatory standards to aid in the navigational safety of ships and planes. Lighting may unintentionally attract organisms, which may have adverse consequences for some species. For example, bats have been observed to congregate around windfarms to feed on bugs that are attracted to the lighting. Passing migratory birds have also experienced fatalities by their inability to detect and avoid turbine blades, especially at night. On floating wave devices, artificial lighting may attract fish, but there is less concern about this reefing effect. Research on light characteristics – e.g. colors and frequency of flashes – has been undertaken to obtain a better understanding of the potential effects of artificial light to marine organisms.

 

Photo credit: "Upper Pond in Lincoln Maine" by Rainer Egle.

Total Results: 20
Title Author Datesort ascending Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Rethinking our approach to multiple stressor studies in marine environments Griffen, B., et al. February 2016 Journal Article Chemicals, Lighting
Barriers and Benefits: Implications of Artificial Night-Lighting for the Distribution of Common Bats in Britain and Ireland Mathews, F., et al. May 2015 Journal Article Lighting Bats
Environmental and Ecological Impacts of Wind Energy on Humans: Public Health Issues Walker, R., Swift, A. May 2015 Book Chapter Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, EMF, Lighting, Noise
Red Aviation Lights on Wind Turbines do not Increase Bat-Turbine Collisions Hale, A., Bennett, V. August 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Dynamic Device, Lighting Bats
Report on Environmental Impact Assessment and Mitigation Strategies TROPOS July 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal, Lighting, Static Device Ecosystem, Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Evaluation of Lighting Schemes for Offshore Wind Facilities and Impacts to Local Environments Orr, T., Herz, S., Oakley, D. August 2013 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Lighting
Offshore Obstruction Lighting - Issues and Mitigation Blew, J., Nehls, G., Prall, U. February 2013 Presentation Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Lighting Birds
Pathways of Effects for Offshore Renewable Energy in Canada Isaacman, L., Daborn, G. December 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Lighting, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Light-Induced Bird Strikes on Vessels in Southwest Greenland Merkel, F., Johansen, K. November 2011 Journal Article Lighting Birds, Seabirds, Waterfowl, Socio-economics, Navigation
Night Migrant Fatalities And Obstruction Lighting At Wind Turbines In North America Kerlinger, P., et al. December 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy general Dynamic Device, Lighting Birds
Green Light For Nocturnally Migrating Birds Poot, H., et al. January 2008 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Lighting Birds
Green Light to Birds: Investigation into the Effect of Bird-Friendly Lighting van de Laar, F. December 2007 Report Lighting Birds, Passerines, Shorebirds, Waterfowl
Wave Energy Ecological Effects Workshop: Ecological Assessment Briefing Paper McMurray, G. October 2007 Workshop Article Marine Energy general, Wave Chemicals, EMF, Energy Removal, Lighting, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Importance Of The Artificial Light Field Around Offshore Petroleum Platforms For The Associated Fish Community Keenan, S., Benfield, M., Blackburn, J. February 2007 Journal Article Lighting Fish
Response of Night-Migrating Songbirds in Cloud to Colored and Flashing Light Kaiser, M., et al. January 2007 Journal Article Lighting Birds, Passerines
Influences of Artificial Light on Marine Birds Montevecchi, W. January 2006 Book Chapter Lighting Birds, Seabirds
The Effects of Light Characteristics on Avian Mortality at Lighthouses Jones, J., Francis, C. November 2003 Journal Article Lighting Birds
Comparison of Avian Responses to UV-Light-Reflective Paint on Wind Turbines Young, D., et al. January 2003 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Dynamic Device, Lighting Birds, Raptors
Behaviour of migrating birds exposed to X-band radar and a bright light beam Bruderer, B., Peter, D., Steuri, T. May 1999 Journal Article Wind Energy general EMF, Lighting Birds
Collision Course: The Hazards of Lighted Structures and Windows to Migrating Birds Ogden, L. September 1996 Report Dynamic Device, Lighting Birds
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