Entrapment

Large marine organisms feeling trapped by mooring lines, anchors, or cables.

Entrapment

 

Arrays of floating offshore wind and marine renewable energy devices may create a web of mooring lines, anchors, and export cables that can cause larger animals such as marine mammals to feel trapped or disoriented. These animals may be at higher risk of predation while trapped and may injure themselves in panic. Entrapment is distinct from the concept of entanglement. Typical mooring systems do not have any loose ends, so entanglement is not possible unless derelict fishing gear were to wrap around mooring lines or cables and entangle marine animals.

Total Results: 15
Title Author Datesort ascending Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Humpback Whales and Floating Offshore Wind Farm Animation Grear, M., et al. November 2018 Video Offshore Wind Entrapment Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Humpback Whale Encounter with Offshore Wind Mooring Lines and Inter-Array Cables Copping, A., Grear, M. October 2018 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Entrapment Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Risk of whale encounters with offshore renewable energy mooring lines and electrical cables Copping, A., Grear, M., Sanders, G. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Collision, Entrapment Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Predicting lethal entanglements as a consequence of drag from fishing gear van der Hoop, J., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Entrapment Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World Copping, A., et al. April 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Attraction, Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Collision, EMF, Entrapment, Habitat Change, Noise Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Reptiles, Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Assessment of Entanglement Risk to Marine Megafauna due to Offshore Renewable Energy Mooring Systems Harnois, V., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Entrapment Marine Mammals
Understanding the Potential for Marine Megafauna Entanglement Risk from Marine Renewable Energy Developments [Presentation] Benjamins, S., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy (General) Entrapment Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Understanding the Potential for Marine Megafauna Entanglement Risk from Marine Renewable Energy Developments Benjamins, S., et al. January 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Entrapment Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Biological and Existing Data Analysis to Inform Risk of Collision and Entanglement Hypotheses Kropp, R. December 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Avoidance, Collision, Entrapment Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Testing the Effectiveness of an Acoustic Deterrent for Grey Whales Along the Oregon Coast Lagerquist, B., Windsor, M., Mate, B. December 2012 Report Marine Energy (General) Entrapment, Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Turtles and Culverts, and Alternative Energy Development: An Unreported but Potentially Significant Mortality Threat to the Desert Tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) Lovich, J., et al. July 2011 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Entrapment, Habitat Change Reptiles
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Environmental Impacts NOAA Office of Ocean & Coastal Resource Management January 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC Chemicals, EMF, Entrapment Ecosystem Processes, Nearfield Habitat
Whale Entanglements With Submarine Telecommunication Cables Wood, M., Carter, L. October 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Entrapment Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
A Comparative Review of Entrainment Survival Studies at Power Plants in Estuarine Environments Mayhew, D., et al. September 2000 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Entrapment
Whales entangled in deep sea cables Heezen, B. January 1957 Journal Article Entrapment Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
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