Shorebirds (also called waders) are long-legged birds that live in wet or coastal environments, excluding web-footed seabirds. Their long legs allow them to wade in mud and water where they eat small invertebrates that are detected with sensitive nerve endings at the end of their long, narrow bills. Different lengths of bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat without direct competition for food. Many shorebird species are known to migrate for breeding and seasonality purposes.
Migrating species are more prone to collision with offshore wind farms due to spatial overlap, while resident species may be less likely to fly greater distances offshore. On-shore power connections for marine renewable energy may also disrupt shorebird habitat.