The OES-Environmental 2020 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World complements and serves as an update to the 2013 Final Report for Phase 1 of OES-Environmental and the 2016 State of the Science Report. Its content reflects the most current and pertinent published information about interactions of marine renewable energy (MRE) devices and associated infrastructure with the animals and habitats that make up the marine environment. The report is over 300 pages long, includes 14 chapters, was written by 40 authors and contributors, and went through an extensive review process with over 60 international scientists and engineers from 11 countries. The report is part of an ongoing effort by OES-Environmental supported by the Ocean Energy Systems (OES) collaboration which operates within the International Technology Cooperation Framework of the International Energy Agency (IEA).
Download the Full Report and Executive Summary
The Executive Summary provides a broad overview of the material in the full report.
- Download the Executive Summary in Chinese here.
- Download the Executive Summary in French here.
- Download the Executive Summary in Japanese here.
- Download the Executive Summary in Portuguese here.
- Download the Executive Summary in Spanish here.
The 2020 State of the Science Report on the environmental effects of MRE development begins with a set of environmental questions that define investigations (Chapter 2) and continues with specific information about stressor/receptor interactions of importance (Chapters 3–9), delves into technologies for monitoring interactions with marine animals (Chapter 10), addresses a series of management and planning measures that may assist with responsible MRE development (Chapters 11–13), and concludes with a potential path forward (Chapter 14).
Some of the chapters in the 2020 State of the Science Report contained more information and technical details than could be accommodated in the main report. These materials appear as supplementary materials, which are linked within the 2020 State of the Science Report itself and available for download on the 2020 State of the Science Report Supplementary Materials page.
Short Science Summaries
Two-page summaries of each 2020 State of the Science Report chapters, highlighting relevance to MRE, status of knowledge, remaining uncertainties, and recommendations.