France



France is located in Western Europe, covering 551,500 km2 (212,935 mile2) of land surface and having a population of 65 Million (2017). France’s primary energy production is 1,582 terawatt-hours (TWh), and energy supply per capita is 43 MWh (UN data, 2017). Nuclear is both the largest source of primary energy production and the largest source of primary energy consumption (The Shift Project, 2014). 278 species are listed as threatened (UN data, 2017).

 

As of 2016, France has 249,100 kW installed capacity of tidal and river current energy combined (OES). France is currently a member of Ocean Energy Systems.

 

As of 2016, France has 11,700 MW installed wind power capacity, all of which comes from land-based wind farms (IEA Wind). France generated 20 TWh of electricity from wind in 2016 (IEA Wind). France is currently a member of IEA Wind, participating in WREN.

Total Results: 32
Title Author Datesort ascending Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Towards improving biofouling information within MRE environments Quillienn, N., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general
Optimisation of an underwater imagery analysis method to characterise the reef effect caused by submarine power cables on epibenthic communities Taormina, B., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general Static Device
Assessing cumulative socio-ecological impacts of offshore wind farm development in the Bay of Seine (English Channel) Raoux, A., et al. February 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Evaluating the Visual Impact of an Offshore Wind Farm Maslov, N., et al. May 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics, Aesthetics
A French Application Case of Tidal Turbine Certification Paboeuf, S., Macadre, L., Sun, P. June 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal
Modelling impacts of offshore wind farms on trophic web: the Courseulles-sur-Mer case study Raoux, A., et al. April 2016 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Environmental Monitoring of the Paimpol-Brehat Tidal Project Barillier, A., Carlier, A. February 2016 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Paimpol-Brehat Tidal Demonstration Project January 2016 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Examining the Social Acceptance of Wind Energy: Practical Guidelines for Onshore Wind Project Development in France Enevoldsen, P., Sovacool, B. January 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Socio-economics
Challenging Best Knowledge to Real Conditions on the SEMREV Marine Test Site Perignon, Y., Le Crom, I. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave
Environmental Impact Assessment for an OTEC Plant in Martinique Island Auvray, C., et al. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC
Bat Activity in Intensively Farmed Landscapes with Wind Turbines and Offset Measures Millon, L., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Bats
Experimental Study of the Turbulence Intensity Effects on Marine Current Turbines Behaviour. Part II: Two Interacting Turbines Mycek, P., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Experimental Study of the Turbulence Intensity Effects on Marine Current Turbines Behaviour. Part I: One Single Turbine Mycek, P., et al. June 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
A Geographical-Based Multi-Criteria Approach for Marine Energy Farm Planning Maslov, N., et al. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Farfield Environment
MERiFIC 3.3.3: Technical Report Biodiversity Assessment - Methods for Surveying Marine Mammal Biodiversity around Small Islands Ingram, S. May 2014 Report Marine Energy general Marine Mammals
Monitoring Benthic Habitats and Biodiversity at the Tidal Energy Site of Paimpol-Brehat (Brittany, France) Carlier, A., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Benthic Invertebrates
MERiFIC 3.3.1: Collaborative Field Study Programme Sotta, C., Witt, M., Le Niliot, P. February 2014 Report Marine Energy general Noise Ecosystem, Marine Mammals
MERiFIC 3.3.2: Grey Seal Population Surveys of the Isles of Scilly and Parc Naturel Marin d'Iroise Witt, M. December 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Extreme Sea Conditions in Shallow Water: Estimations Based on In-Situ Measurements Le Crom, I., et al. June 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave
The Case for Offshore Wind Farms, Artificial Reefs and Sustainable Tourism in the French Mediterranean Westerberg, V., Jacobsen, J., Lifran, R. February 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics
The Biskay Marine Energy Platform (bimep), Environmental Impacts and Monitoring Plan Bald, J., et al. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
A Marine Spatial Planning Approach to Select Suitable Areas for Installing Wave Energy Converters on the Basque Continental Shelf (Bay of Biscay) Galparsoro, I., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Socio-economics
Birds, Wind and the Making of Wind Power Landscapes in Aude, Southern France Nadaï, A., Labussiere, O. March 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Site d' Expérimentation en Mer pour la Récupération de l'Energie des Vagues (SEM-REV) January 2009 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind
Acoustic Impact Assessment of Offshore Energy Project January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
Underwater Radiated Noise Due to the Piling for the Q7 Offshore Wind Park de Jong, C., Ainslie, M. June 2008 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
The Main Characteristics, Problems, and Prospects for Western European Coastal Seas Dauvin, J. February 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Simulated Electrical Power Potential Harnessed By Marine Current Turbine Arrays In The Alderney Race Myers, L., Bahaj, A. September 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Ocean Current
Tidal Power and the Aquatic Environment of La Rance Retiere, C. January 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Birds, Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Ten Years of Experience at the La Rance Tidal Power Plant Andre, H. December 1978 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal
La Rance Tidal Barrage November 1966 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
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