This chapter explains the impacts of wind energy on humans as well as how effective methods are for reducing or mitigating the extent of such impacts. Audible noise is generally considered to have frequencies between 20 and 20,000 Hz, although some show the range extending down to 16 Hz. Shadow flicker occurs when the blades of a wind turbine rotate in sunny conditions, casting moving shadows on the ground or on windows of buildings resulting in alternating changes in light intensity. Exposure to electric and magnetic fields (EMFs) is very common. Electric distribution lines that run up and down streets and alleys are a source of EMFs, as well as electric substations and the high voltage transmission lines that connect power plants to cities and towns. Proper handling of solid and hazardous wastes generated during the construction and operation of a wind energy project is very important.
This is a book chapter in Wind Energy Essentials: Societal, Economic, and Environmental Impacts.