Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting Annex IV and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and Annex IV metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date**sort ascending Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
ETIP Ocean 2 Simas, T., Cruz, E. January 2019 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Dual wave farms and coastline dynamics: The role of inter-device spacing Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Bergillos, R., Iglesias, G. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Socio-economics, Climate Change
Coastal Environments — Challenges for Integrated Management in Multi-use Settings O’Mahony, C., et al. December 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Estimating the optimum size of a tidal array at a multi-inlet system considering environmental and performance constraints González-Gorbeña, E., et al. December 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
BioFREE: An International Study of Biofouling Impacts on the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Want, A., Porter, J. December 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Human dimensions of tidal energy: A review of theories and frameworks Jenkins, L., et al. December 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Oceanic Biofouling Database Oceanic December 2018 Database Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Environmental Effects Monitoring Program 2018 Annual Report FORCE December 2018 Report N/A Noise Seabirds, Farfield Environment, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
West Coast Ocean Data Portal West Coast Ocean Partnership November 2018 Database Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
OBIS-SEAMAP Read, A., Halpin, P. November 2018 Database N/A N/A Birds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
OpenEI National Renewable Energy Laboratory November 2018 Database Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
REsource International Renewable Energy Agency November 2018 Database Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Noise characterization of a subsea tidal kite Schmitt, P., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise N/A
Marine Cadastre NOAA Office for Coastal Management, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) November 2018 Database Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
EMODnet Human Activities European Marine Observation and Data Network November 2018 Database Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Environmental Studies Program Information System (ESPIS) Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) November 2018 Database Marine Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Database Open EI November 2018 Database Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database Open EI November 2018 Database Marine Energy general N/A N/A
FERC eLibrary Federal Energy Regulatory Commission November 2018 Database Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Oceanographic drivers of marine mammal and seabird habitat-use across shelf-seas: A guide to key features and recommendations for future research and conservation management Cox, S., et al. November 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A Birds, Seabirds, Marine Mammals
Fine-Scale Hydrodynamic Metrics Underlying Predator Occupancy Patterns in Tidal Stream Environments Lieber, L., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Fish Distributions in a Tidal Channel Indicate the Behavioural Impact of a Marine Renewable Energy Installation Fraser, S., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Fish
Perspectives on a way forward for ocean renewable energy in Australia Hemer, M., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Tidal range energy resource and optimization - Past perspectives and future challenges Neill, S., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A review of potential impacts of submarine power cables on the marine environment: Knowledge gaps, recommendations and future directions Taormina, B., et al. November 2018 Journal Article N/A EMF, Static Device N/A
Wave farm effects on the coast: The alongshore position Rodriguez-Delgado, C., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Empirical measures of harbor seal behavior and avoidance of an operational tidal turbine Joy, R., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
A review of the occurrence of inter‐colony segregation of seabird foraging areas and the implications for marine environmental impact assessment Bolton, M., et al. October 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A Birds, Seabirds
Assessing the Macro-Economic Benefit of Installing a Farm of Oscillating Water Columns in Scotland and Portugal Draycott, S., et al. October 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics
Marine Energy Exploitation in the Mediterranean Region: Steps Forward and Challenges Pisacane, G., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Ocean Solutions to Address Climate Change and Its Effects on Marine Ecosystems Gattuso, J., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Modelling the Hydrodynamic and Morphological Impacts of a Tidal Stream Development in Ramsey Sound Haverson, D., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Oil and gas infrastructure decommissioning in marine protected areas: System complexity, analysis and challenges Burdon, D., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Prospective energy security scenarios in Spain: The future role of renewable power generation technologies and climate change implications García-Gusano, D., Iribarren, D. October 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
Effects of Wave Energy Generators on Nephrops norvegicus Bender, A., Sunberg, J. September 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device Benthic Invertebrates
Protection of gravel-dominated coasts through wave farms: Layout and shoreline evolution Rodriguez-Delgado, C., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Deployment characterization of a floatable tidal energy converter on a tidal channel, Ria Formosa, Portugal Pacheco, A., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Evaluating habitat, prey, and mesopredator associations in a community of marine birds Goyert, H., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Birds, Seabirds
Maritime Renewable Energy Markets: Power From the Sea Copping, A., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Spatial targeting, synergies and scale: Exploring the criteria of smart practices for siting renewable energy projects Frantal, B., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Creation of microhabitats (tidepools) in ripraps with climax communities as a way to mitigate negative effects of artificial substrate on marine biodiversity Ostale-Valriberas, E., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Energy droughts from variable renewable energy sources in European climates Raynaud, D., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Applying a simple model for estimating the likelihood of collision of marine mammals with tidal turbines Copping, A., Grear, M. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Evaluation of the shoreline effect of the marine energy farms in different coastal environments Rusu, E., Onea, F. August 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Site Selection of Hybrid Offshore Wind and Wave Energy Systems in Greece Incorporating Environmental Impact Assessment Loukogeorgaki, E., Vagiona, D., Vasileiou, M. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Spatial Environmental Assessment Tool (SEAT): A Modeling Tool to Evaluate Potential Environmental Risks Associated with Wave Energy Converter Deployments Jones, C., et al. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Behavioral responses by migrating juvenile salmonids to a subsea high-voltage DC power cable Wyman, M., et al. August 2018 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
Long‐term effect of a tidal, hydroelectric propeller turbine on the populations of three anadromous fish species Dadswell, M., et al. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
The impact of wave energy converter arrays on wave-induced forcing in the surf zone O'Dea, A., Haller, M., Ozkan-Haller, H. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Performance and resilience of hydrokinetic turbine arrays under large migrating fluvial bedforms Musa, M., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Energy Removal Farfield Environment
An LCA of the Pelamis wave energy converter Thomson, R., Chick, J., Harrison, G. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Life Cycle Assessment
"Small is Beautiful" - But will Small WECs Ever Become Commercial? Friis-Madsen, E., Soerensen, H., Russell, I. July 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Anthropogenic disturbance facilitates a non-native species on offshore oil platforms Viola, S., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Cape Sharp Tidal Environmental Effects Monitoring Program 2018 Cape Sharp Tidal July 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Comparative Effects of Climate Change and Tidal Stream Energy Extraction in a Shelf Sea De Demonicis, M., Wolf, J., Murray, R. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
AMBEMAR-DSS: A decision support system for the environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energies Guinda, X., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment, Stakeholder Engagement
Investigation of Monitoring Fish Using Underwater Fish-Eye Camera at the Test Site of Marine Renewable Energy Yoshida, T., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Multi-Platform Concepts for Combining Offshore Wind Energy and Fish Farming in Freezing Sea Areas: Case Study in the Gulf of Bothnia Mikkola, E., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind N/A Fish
Marine Mammal Behavioral Response to Tidal Turbine Sound Polagye, B., et al. June 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
A Best Practice Framework to Reconcile Full-scale Marine Renewable Energy Deployments with Marine Natura 2000 Sites Le Lièvre, C. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Understanding the effects of electromagnetic field emissions from Marine Renewable Energy Devices (MREDs) on the commercially important edible crab, Cancer pagurus (L.) Scott, K., Harsanyi, P., Lyndon, A. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates
Modeling underwater noise propagation from marine hydrokinetic power devices through a time-domain, velocity-pressure solution Halfa, E., et al. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise N/A
2018 State of the Sector Report: Marine Renewable Energy in Canada Marine Renewables Canada June 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Modeling At-Sea Density of Marine Birds to Support Atlantic Marine Renewable Energy Planning Winship, A., et al. June 2018 Report Marine Energy general N/A Birds
Study of the Wave Energy Propagation Patterns in the Western Black Sea Rusu, E. June 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A N/A
Minesto Holyhead Deep - Non-grid connected DG500 Minesto June 2018 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
The Ornithodolite as a tool to quantify animal space use and habitat selection: a case study with birds diving in tidal waters Cole, E., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Birds, Seabirds
Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics Ramírez-Mendoza, R., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
OERA Webinar Series: Finite Element Analysis to Assess Fish Mortality from Interactions with Tidal Turbine Blades Fyffe, N. May 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Using Coupled Hydrodynamic Biogeochemical Models to Predict the Effects of Tidal Turbine Arrays on Phytoplankton Dynamics Schuchert, P., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Ecosystem
Collaboration and Innovation Challenges faced by the Ocean Energy Sector and Possible Solutions Marine Renewables Industry Association (MRIA) May 2018 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Landscape-Scale Wildlife Species Richness Metrics to Inform Wind and Solar Energy Facility Siting: An Arizona Case Study Thomas, K., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind N/A N/A
MegaRoller Apolonia, M., Simas, T. May 2018 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Reptiles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment, Life Cycle Assessment
Local scour around a model hydrokinetic turbine in an erodible channel Hill, C., et al. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
Multiple maritime uses in European seas: Findings from the MUSES project Kafas, A., Davies, I., Roberts, T. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Monitoring the environmental interactions of tidal devices - how do we achieve what is required in a practical and cost effective manner whilst retaining focus on the key issues to assist the consenting of future projects? Foubister, L. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Offshore Energy Planning Provisions and transnational Maritime Spatial Planning in the North Sea Region: Findings from the NorthSEE project Wright, K., Kafas, A., Davies, I. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Comparative effects of climate change and tidal stream energy extraction in the NW European continental shelf De Dominicis, M., Wolf, J., Murray, R. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment
Risk of whale encounters with offshore renewable energy mooring lines and electrical cables Copping, A., Grear, M., Sanders, G. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Assessing the Impact of Rows of Tidal-Stream Turbines on the Overtides of the M2 Potter, D, Folkard, A., Ilić, S. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Farfield Environment
Overcoming Barriers to Marine Renewables Energy Development Freeman, M., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Can tidal stream turbines change the tides in the Pentland Firth, and is there an acceptable limit? Murray, R. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Farfield Environment
Towards improving biofouling information within MRE environments Quillienn, N., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Optimisation of an underwater imagery analysis method to characterise the reef effect caused by submarine power cables on epibenthic communities Taormina, B., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general Static Device N/A
BioFREE: an international collaboration to assess the impacts of biofouling on the marine renewable energy industry Want, A., Porter, J. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Spotlight on Ocean Energy: 20 Projects + 5 Policy Initiatives Ocean Energy Systems (OES) April 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Environmental Interactions of Tidal Lagoons: A Comparison of Industry Perspectives Mackinnon, K., et al. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
2018 Revisions to: Technical Guidance for Assessing the Effects of Anthropogenic Sound on Marine Mammal Hearing (Version 2.0): Underwater Thresholds for Onset of Permanent and Temporary Threshold Shifts National Marine Fisheries Service April 2018 Report N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Seasonal and Diel Patterns in Cetacean Use and Foraging at a Potential Marine Renewable Energy Site Nuuttila, H., et al. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Governance challenges of marine renewable energy developments in the U.S. - Creating the enabling conditions for successful project development Lange, M., Page, G., Cummins, V. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Wave and Tidal Energy: Environmental Effects Iglesias, G., et al. March 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Corrections of Fish School Area and Mean Volume Backscattering Strength by Simulation of an Omnidirectional Multi-Beam Sonar Trygonis, V., Kapelponis, Z. March 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A Fish
A Multi-National Project Management Framework Audit of a European Union Marine Spatial Planning Project Sangiuliano, S. March 2018 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Black Guillemot Ecology in Relation to Tidal Stream Energy Generation: An Evaluation of Current Knowledge and Information Gaps Johnston, D., et al. March 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Seabirds
2017 Marine Hydrokinetic Instrumentation Workshop Report Driscoll, F., Mauer, E., Rieks, J. March 2018 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Impacts on Elasmobranch (shark, rays, and skates) and American Lobster Movement and Migration from Direct Current Cables Hutchison, Z., et al. March 2018 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Harbour Seals Avoid Tidal Turbine Noise: Implications for Collision Risk Hastie, G., et al. March 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Predictive model for local scour downstream of hydrokinetic turbines in erodible channels Musa, M., Heisel, M., Guala, M. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
A strategic analysis of tidal current energy conversion systems in the European Union Segura, E., Morales, R., Somolinos, J. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Methods and utility of ecosystem service trade-off analysis for guiding marine planning of offshore energy Stevens, J., Lester, S., White, C. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics

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