Marine hydrokinetic (MHK) devices hold the promise of expanding renewable energy production by tapping into the power of waves and currents for electricity generation. However, these devices remain in the developmental stage, necessitating research to understand their environmental impacts, lower operational costs, and prevent equipment failures. In this study, we investigate various MHK array configurations to gain insights into their effects on wave patterns, water flow, and sediment conditions, considering both short-term and long-term morphodynamic changes under average and extreme conditions in shallow offshore environments. Our objectives encompass understanding the influence of mean and extreme environmental conditions on MHK devices, evaluating their impact on the bathymetry of the ocean floor, and exploring the role of different array configurations in morphodynamic evolution. Our findings, based on modeling these devices as static lumps, reveal that sediment erosion downstream of MHKs increases by 50% after one year of average conditions. When accounting for the absorption of 30% of the energy by MHK devices, downstream sediment deposition surges by almost 125%. Moreover, alterations in MHK arrays, such as spacing, size, and number, result in noticeable changes in sedimentation magnitudes during storm conditions. While long-term mean wave conditions have minimal effects on sedimentation, extreme wave conditions, akin to large storm events, bring about significant alterations in ocean floor bathymetry, potentially leading to costly maintenance of the MHK arrays. Our research provides a valuable framework for site analysis, enabling the estimation of maintenance needs and the optimization of array configurations to minimize sedimentation-related issues.