Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting Annex IV and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and Annex IV metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date**sort ascending Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Determining the Infrastructure Needs to Support Offshore Floating Wind and Marine Hydrokinetic Facilities on the Pacific West Coast and Hawaii Porter, A., Phillips, S. January 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Capturing Energy from the Motion of the Ocean in a Crowded Sea Plummer, M., Feist, B. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
A Self-Contained Subsea Platform for Acoustic Monitoring of the Environment Around Marine Renewable Energy Devices - Field Deployments at Wave and Tidal Energy Sites in Orkney, Scotland Williamson, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Learning from Early Commercial Tidal Energy Projects in the Puget Sound, Washington and the Pentland Firth, Scotland McMillin, N. January 2016 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Using kernel density estimation to explore habitat use by seabirds at a marine renewable wave energy test facility Leesa, K., Guerin, A., Masden, E. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Seabirds
Trends of Harbour Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) Density in the Southern North Sea Peschko, V., et al. January 2016 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals
Soundscape and Noise Exposure Monitoring in a Marine Protected Area Using Shipping Data and Time-Lapse Footage Merchant, N., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter N/A Noise N/A
Measurement of Underwater Operational Noise Emitted by Wave and Tidal Stream Energy Devices Lepper, P., Robinson, S. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Noise N/A
Predicting Anthropogenic Noise Contributions to US Waters Gedamke, J., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter N/A Noise N/A
Underwater Sound Levels at a Wave Energy Device Testing Facility in Falmouth Bay, UK Garrett, J., Witt, M., Johanning, L. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Expert Elicitation Methods in Quantifying the Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance from Offshore Renewable Energy Developments Donovan, C., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise N/A
How Might We Assess and Manage the Effects of Underwater Noise on Populations of Marine Animals? Tasker, M. January 2016 Book Chapter N/A Noise Ecosystem
Mapping Underwater Sound in the Dutch Part of the North Sea Sertlek, H., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter N/A Noise N/A
Challenge of Using Passive Acoustic Monitoring in High-Energy Environments: UK Tidal Environments and Other Case Studies Booth, C. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Effects of Underwater Turbine Noise on Crab Larval Metamorphosis Pine, M., Jeffs, A., Radford, C. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Benthic Invertebrates
Understanding the Population Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance for Marine Mammals Harwood, J., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals
The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II Popper, A., Hawkins, A. January 2016 Book N/A Noise N/A
Evaluating Statistical Models for Baseline Characterization and Measuring Change in Environmental Monitoring Data Linder, H. January 2016 Thesis Marine Energy general Noise N/A
Noise mitigation during pile-driving efficiently reduces disturbance of marine mammals Nehls, G., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Renewables, Shipping, and Protected Species: A Vanishing Opportunity for Effective Marine Spatial Planning? Petruny, L., Wright, A., Smith, C. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning, Navigation
Environmental aspects and economics of salinity gradient power (SGP) processes Papapetrou, M., Kumpavat, K. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Salinity Gradient N/A Socio-economics
Refining Estimates of Collision Risk for Harbour Seals and Tidal Turbines Band, B., et al. January 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Data Based Estimates of Collision Risk: An Example Based on Harbour Seal Tracking Data around a Proposed Tidal Turbine Array in the Pentland Firth Thompson, D., et al. January 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Fulfilling EU Laws to Ensure Marine Mammal Protection During Marine Renewable Construction Operations in Scotland Dolman, S., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Seasonal Variation in Sea Turtle Density and Abundance in the Southeast Florida Current and Surrounding Waters Bovery, C., Wyneken, J. December 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Sea Turtles
A strategic policy framework for promoting the marine energy sector in Spain Vazquez, S., Astariz, S., Iglesias, G. December 2015 Journal Article Tidal, Wave, Offshore Wind N/A Legal and Policy
Drivers and Annual Estimates of Marine Wildlife Entanglement Rates: A Long-Term Case Study with Australian Fur Seals McIntosh, R., et al. December 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Model Experimental Study on Wave Dissipation Effect for Double-deck Monomer Floating Structure Zhou, C., Shang Guan, Z., Shen, L. December 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Fishing
Study on Australian Energy Policy, Socio-Economic, and Environment Issues Azad, A., et al. December 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
Evaluating Threats in Multinational Marine Ecosystems: A Coast Salish First Nations and Tribal Perspective Gaydos, J., Thixton, S., Donatuto, J. December 2015 Journal Article N/A Chemicals, Dynamic Device, Noise Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Navigation
Interactions of Marine Hydrokinetic Devices in Complex Bathymetries: Numerical Simulations in the Chacao Channel in Southern Chile. Soto, K., Escauriaza, C., Richter, D. December 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A N/A
BioWave Port Fairy Pilot Wave Energy Project BioPower Systems December 2015 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
The Value of Delay in Tidal Energy Development MacDonald, S. December 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Potential Impacts of the Monterey Accelerated Research System (MARS) cable on the seabed and benthic faunal assemblages Kuhnz, L., et al. December 2015 Report N/A Static Device Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy December 2015 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
An Italian Proposal on the Monitoring of Underwater Noise: Relationship Between the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) and Marine Spatial Planning Directive (MSP) Maccarrone, V., et al. December 2015 Journal Article N/A Noise Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Sound Science: Maintaining Numerical and Statistical Standards in the Pursuit of Noise Exposure Criteria for Marine Mammals Wright, A. November 2015 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Passive Acoustic Monitoring the Diel, Lunar, Seasonal and Tidal Patterns in the Biosonar Activity of the Indo-Pacific Humpback Dolphins (Sousa chinensis) in the Pearl River Estuary, China Wang, Z., et al. November 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Integration of the Environmental Management Aspect in the Optimization of the Design and Planning of Energy Systems Theodosiou, G., Stylos, N., Koroneos, C. November 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
A Scenario-Based Approach to Evaluating Potential Environmental Impacts Following a Tidal Barrage Installation Kidd, I., et al. November 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Ecosystem
The Marine Spatial Classification and the Identification of Priority Conservation Areas (PCAs) for Marine Biodiversity Conservation - A Case Study of the Offshore China Hao, H., Bin, C., Jinlan, L. November 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem
NERC Knowledge Exchange: An Autonomous Device to Track Porpoise Movements in Tidal Rapids Macaulay, J., et al. November 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Challenges in Implementing Sustainable Marine Spatial Planning: The New Portuguese Legal Framework Case Santos, C., et al. November 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Environmental Impact Assessment in the Marine Environment: A Comparison of Legal Frameworks Guerra, F., et al. November 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Sensitivity of the Mussel Mytilus edulis to Substrate-Borne Vibration in Relation to Anthropogenically Generated Noise Roberts, L., et al. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Benthic Invertebrates
D2.28 Model Construction Methods Thiebaut, F., Sutton, G., Johnstone, C. October 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Marine Energy Research and Innovation Centre (MERIC) Chilean Ministry of Energy, et al. October 2015 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Tidal, Wave
Assessing the structure and temporal dynamics of seabird communities: the challenge of capturing marine ecosystem complexity Moreno, R., et al. October 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem
Wales' Marine Evidence Report Welsh Government October 2015 Report N/A N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals
Evaluation and Comparison of the Levelized Cost of Tidal, Wave, and Offshore Wind Energy Astariz, S., Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Challenges, Insights and Perspectives Associated with using Social-Ecological Science for Marine Conservation Leenhardt, P., et al. October 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics
An Interim Framework for Assessing the Population Consequences of Disturbance King, S., et al. October 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem
OXYFLUX, an innovative wave-driven device for the oxygenation of deep layers in coastal areas: A physical investigation Antonini, A., Lamberti, A., Archetti, R. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change, Fishing
Impacts of Anthropogenic Noise on Marine Life: Publication Patterns, New Discoveries, and Future Directions in Research and Management Williams, R., et al. October 2015 Journal Article N/A Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Research Priorities for PRIMaRE PRIMaRE October 2015 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 FLOWBEC Platform ADVOcean 5MHz Data

Atlantis Resources

October 2015 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 FLOWBEC Platform Multi-beam and Echosounder Data

Atlantis Resources

October 2015 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 FLOWBEC Platform Fluorometer Data

Atlantis Resources

October 2015 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem
Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Marine Mammals: A Review of Temporary Threshold Shift Studies from 1996 to 2015 Finneran, J. September 2015 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Noise in the Sea and Its Impacts on Marine Organisms Peng, C., Zhao, X., Liu, G. September 2015 Journal Article N/A Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
Numerical Modelling Study of the Effects of Suspended Aquaculture Farms on Tidal Stream Energy Generation O'Donncha, F., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Fishing
Current Ability to Assess Impacts of Electromagnetic Fields Associated with Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies on Marine Fishes in Hawaii Claisse, J., et al. September 2015 Report Marine Energy general EMF Fish
Velocity-Pressure Solution to Modeling 3D Noise Propagation from an Array of Current-Energy Converters Johnson, C., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Noise N/A
Enabling Siting and Permitting of Marine Energy Devices, in Conjunction with Engineering Design and Deployment Strategies Copping, A., Geerlofs, S., Hanna, L. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Characterization of EMF Emissions from Submarine Cables and Monitoring for Potential Responses of Marine Species Dhanak, M., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper N/A EMF N/A
A Methodology to Assess Displacement Effects on Key Wildlife Species Arising from Marine Energy Conversion Systems using Onshore Observation Data Long, C., Scott-Hayward, L., Norris, J. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Static Device N/A
MaRVEN - Environmental Impacts of Noise, Vibrations and Electromagnetic Emissions from Marine Renewable Energy Thomsen, F., et al. September 2015 Report Marine Energy general EMF N/A
Hydrodynamic Response to Large Scale Tidal Energy Extraction Brown, A., Neill, S. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Field Testing a Full-Scale Tidal Turbine Part 2: In-Line Wake Effects Schmitt, P., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Changes in Vertical Fish Distributions Near a Hydrokinetic Device in Cobscook Bay, Maine, USA Staines, G., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Static Device Fish
Field Testing a Full-Scale Tidal Turbine Part 3: Acoustic Characteristics Schmitt, P., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise N/A
Acoustic Characterization of a Hydrokinetic Turbine Polagye, B., Murphy, P. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Riverine Noise N/A
Simulating Harbour Porpoise Habitat Use in a 3D Tidal Environment Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, T. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Discussion of the Effects of the Underwater Noise Radiated by a Wave Energy Device - Portugal Cruz, E., Simas, T., Kasanen, E. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Numerical Modeling of the Impact Response of Tidal Devices and Marine Mammals Grear, M., Motley, M. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Marine Renewable Energy Sediment Stability Evaluation Framework Roberts, J., Jones, C. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Energy Removal N/A
Sediment Transport in the Pentland Firth and Impacts of Tidal Stream Energy Extraction Fairley, I., Masters, I., Karunarathna, H. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Wave Energy Converter Effects on Nearshore Wave Propagation Roberts, J., Chang, G., Jones, C. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Remote Detection of Sea Surface Roughness Signatures Related to Subsurface Bathymetry, Structures and Tidal Stream Turbine Wakes Bell, P., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Beach Morphodynamics in the Lee of a Wave Farm Abanades, J., Greaves, D., Iglesias, G. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Environmental Assessment, Management and Monitoring of Carnegie Wave Energy's Perth Wave Energy Project Ward, E., Sawyer, T. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Combining Offshore Wind and Wave Energy Extraction: An Environmental Perspective Rumes, B., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Hybrid Wave and Offshore Wind Farms: a Comparative Case Study of Co-located Layouts [Conference Paper] Astariz, S., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Impact of Scaled Tidal Stream Turbine over Mobile Sediment Beds Ramírez-Mendoza, R., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
An Integrated Solution to Real Time Marine Mammal Monitoring for Tidal Turbines Bromley, P., Boake, C., Broudic, M. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Marine Mammals
Towards Acoustic Monitoring of Marine Mammals at a Tidal Turbine Site: Grand Passage, NS, Canada Malinka, C., Hay, A., Cheel, R. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Challenging Best Knowledge to Real Conditions on the SEMREV Marine Test Site Perignon, Y., Le Crom, I. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Surveying Marine Mammals in Nearby Tidal Energy Development Sites: a Comparison Benjamins, S., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Farfield Environment, Marine Mammals
Using Temporal Analysis Techniques to Optimize Hydroacoustic Surveys of Fish at MHK Devices Viehman, H., Zydlewski, G. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Static Device Fish
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Behavior of Largemouth Bass and Pallid Sturgeon in an Experimental Pond Setting Bevelhimer, M., Cada, G., Scherelis, C. September 2015 Report N/A EMF Fish
Modelling Seabed Shear Stress, Sediment Mobility, and Sediment Transport in the Bay of Fundy Li, M., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Habitat characterization of a tidal energy site using an ROV: Overcoming difficulties in a harsh environment Greene, H. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Combining Wave Energy with Wind and Solar: Short-Term Forecasting Reikard, G., Robertson, B., Bidlot, J. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Investigating the Potential Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Developments on Seabirds Wade, H. September 2015 Thesis Marine Energy general N/A Birds
Numerical Performance Analysis of Acoustic Doppler Velocity Profilers in the Wake of an Axial-Flow Marine Hydrokinetic Turbine Richmond, M., Harding, S., Romero-Gomez, P. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Assessment of Entanglement Risk to Marine Megafauna due to Offshore Renewable Energy Mooring Systems Harnois, V., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals
Symbiotic Offshore Energy Harvesting and Storage Systems Slocum, A. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds
Hearing Thresholds of a Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) for Playbacks of Seal Scarer Signals, and Effects of the Signals on Behavior Kastelein, R., et al. September 2015 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Going with the flow: Tidal influence on the occurrence of the harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) in the Marsdiep area, The Netherlands IJsseldijk, L., et al. September 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals
In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power: Review and Appraisal VanZwieten, J., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A

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