Sweden Offshore Wind AB (hereinafter Sweden Offshore) is developing a wind farm on Kriegers Flak, an area in the southern Baltic Sea outside of Swedish territorial waters, situated about 30 km south of Trelleborg. The wind farm will consist of maximum 128 wind turbines with a total installed capacity of maximum 640 MW. This document constitutes an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in accordance with Chapter 6 of the Swedish Environmental Code (EC). In accordance with the EC, Chapter 6, Section 7, an EIA shall contain the following information:
• A non-technical summary
• A description of the planned activity (location, design, scope etc.)
• A description of alternative locations and designs
• A description of the consequences of not implementing the planned activity
• A description of the impact on human health, the environment and the economising of land and water resources
• A description of actions to minimise impact
The purpose of an EIA is to identify and describe the direct and indirect effects that a planned activity or action may have on humans, animals, fauna, land, water, air, climate, landscape and cultural heritage, partly also on the economising of land, water and the physical environment in general and partly on the economising with raw material, energy and other materials. Further, the purpose is to facilitate a collected view of these effects on human health and the environment. This EIA primarily deals with the wind farm. However, it also deals with the cabling within the Swedish Economic Zone. Therefore, and as the cabling is a precondition for the realisation of the project, certain information about the cabling has been included in this document (Chapter 16). The cabling within Swedish territorial water will be subject to a separate permitting process in due course.