Sandy ocean soil is vulnerable to liquefaction under seismic action. This paper describes the structural design of a new large-scale prestressed concrete bucket foundation (LSPCBF) for offshore wind turbines that take the seismic response of the foundation into consideration. Using an integrated finite element model of the soil, bucket foundation, and upper structure that incorporates infinite elements for the soil boundary, the dynamic responses of the upper structure, the bucket foundation, and the soil surrounding the bucket foundation to three types of seismic wave acceleration time histories were determined using time history analysis. The Shanghai artificial seismic wave was used as an example. This wave causes the most intense seismic response of the seismic waves considered, based on the anti-liquefaction shear stress approach to estimating the area of soil liquefaction. The results showed that 88% of the soil outside the bucket in the range of the bucket depth is liquefied. In contrast, only 9% of the soil inside the bucket is liquefied. As the soil depth increases, the liquefaction range decreases substantially. The simulation results show that the LSPCBF can improve the liquefaction resistance of soil inside and directly below the bucket under seismic loading. Finally, the foundation stabilities under an ultimate load before and after an earthquake were compared. The horizontal displacement of the liquefied foundation increased by 41.1% and the vertical differential settlement increased by 6.2% after the earthquake. A large plastic zone was not formed, which means that an LSPCBF subjected to seismic action is still able to support the ultimate load.
Seismic Response of Large-Scale Prestressed Concrete Bucket Foundation for Offshore Wind Turbines
Title: Seismic Response of Large-Scale Prestressed Concrete Bucket Foundation for Offshore Wind Turbines
January 01, 2014
Journal: Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Publisher: AIP Publishing LLC
Zhang, P.; Ding, H.; Conghuan, L. (2014). Seismic Response of Large-Scale Prestressed Concrete Bucket Foundation for Offshore Wind Turbines. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 6(1).