As coastal communities continue to increase in geographical size and population, associated marine economies will have to expand in unison. This relationship gives rise to an increase in user – user and user – environment conflicts, as users of the marine environment proliferate in size, number, and intensity. Such conflicts demand the implementation in marine spatial planning (MSP) in order to effectively manage various users and uses taking place within the marine environment. Furthermore, negative implications arising from global climate change increasingly threaten the integrity of ecosystem services within the marine environment, thereby effecting natural marine ecosystem functions and the economies of coastal communities relying upon such ecosystem services. Such a dilemma has increased political support for the adoption of commercial-scale offshore renewable energy implementation in order to assist in the global energy transition away from a carbon-based economy. These drivers have triggered Scotland to construct and implement the world’s first sectoral marine plan for tidal energy (SMPTE) in an effort to streamline the licensing and permitting processes of tidal current turbines (TCTs), subsequently facilitating the commercial-deployment of TCTs within a structured governance framework. This paper undertakes a quality management review of Scotland’s SMPTE against guidel ines set out in the International Council for Exploration of the Sea’s Marine Spatial Planning Quality Management System (ICES MSP QMS). Conformity of the SMPTE to criterion set out in the ICES MSP QMS document pertaining to the establishment of external and internal contexts, and risk identification, analysis, evaluation, and treatment, and monitoring and review are ranked and gaps in quality management are analyzed in order to construct recommendations for areas for further improvement.
A Quality Management Review of Scotland's Sectoral Marine Plan for Tidal Energy
Sangiuliano, S. (2016). A Quality Management Review of Scotland's Sectoral Marine Plan for Tidal Energy. Report by Marine Scotland Science. pp 117.