Potential effects of electrical energy transmission - the case study from the Polish Marine Areas (southern Baltic Sea)

Journal Article

Title: Potential effects of electrical energy transmission - the case study from the Polish Marine Areas (southern Baltic Sea)
Publication Date:
June 03, 2019
Journal: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies
Volume: 48
Issue: 2
Publisher: DE GRUYTER
Stressor:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Otremba, Z.; Jakubowska, M.; Urban-Malinga, B.; Andrulewicz, E. (2019). Potential effects of electrical energy transmission - the case study from the Polish Marine Areas (southern Baltic Sea). Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 48(2).
Abstract: 

The operation of offshore wind turbines and electricity transmission through submarine cables over long distances generate electromagnetic or static magnetic fields (depending on the technical solution) that may modify the natural geomagnetic field and cause induced electric and electromagnetic fields in the water. The present study synthesizes the current knowledge and speculates on the possible environmental impact of electrical energy transfer based on the example of the Polish Marine Areas (southern Baltic Sea). We review the possible effects of the electrical energy induction and transfer against the existing and planned wind turbine installations. Furthermore, we consider different cable design variants as a way of environmental impact mitigation. Possible impacts of induced magnetic fields on marine organisms and, consequently, on the ecosystem functioning are also addressed.

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