Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary: Seabirds List


Title: Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary: Seabirds List
Publication Date:
July 16, 2004
Secondary Title: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Document Access

Website: External Link


National Marine Sanctuaries (2004). Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary: Seabirds List. Retrieved from https://olympiccoast.noaa.gov/living/marinelife/birds/birds.html

Seabirds, ranging in size from tiny storm-petrels to majestic black-footed albatross roam over the wave tops offshore in Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary. Sea stacks and islands provide critical nesting habitat for common murres and tufted puffins. Sand and gravel beaches furnish habitat for shorebirds, crows, gulls and a host of others. The coastline forms an important migratory pathway for millions of birds that pass through each year, guiding ducks, geese, cranes and raptors toward northern breeding areas during the spring and southward, as winter approaches.


Common Name Scientific
Habitat Status
Common Loon Gavia immer Ocean, bays MBTA, WSS
Pacific loon Gavia pacifica Ocean MBTA
Red-throated loon Gavia stellata Ocean, bays MBTA
Horned grebe Podiceps auritus Ocean, bays MBTA
Red-necked grebe Podiceps grisegena Coastal waters MBTA
Western grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis Ocean, bays MBTA, WSC
Black-footed albatross Diomedea nigripes Open ocean MBTA
Laysan albatross Diomedea nigripes Open ocean MBTA
Buller's shearwater Puffinus bulleri Open ocean MBTA
Flesh-footed shearwater Puffinus carneipes Open ocean MBTA
Pink-footed shearwater Puffinus creatopus Open ocean MBTA
Short-tailed shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris Open ocean MBTA
Sooty shearwater Puffinus griseus Open ocean MBTA
Northern fulmar Fulmaris glacialis Open ocean MBTA
Fork-tailed storm petrel Oceandroma furcata Open ocean MBTA
Leach's storm petrel Oceandroma leucorhoa Open ocean MBTA
Brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Ocean, bays MBTA, FE, WSE*
Brandt's cormorant Phalacrocorax penicillatu Ocean, coast MBTA, WSC
Double-crested cormorant Phalacrocorax auritis Coast, bays MBTA
Pelagic cormorant Phalacrocorax pelagicus Coast, cliffs MBTA
Aleutian Canada goose Branta canadensis leucopareia Lakes, bays, marshes MBTA, FCo, WST
Brant Branta bernicla Coastal waters MBTA
Black scoter Melanitta nigra Coastal waters MBTA
Surf scoter Melanitta perspicillata Ocean surf, bays MBTA
White-winged scoter Melanitta fusca Bays, ocean MBTA
Harlequin duck Histrionicus histrionicus Rough coastal water MBTA
Oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis Ocean MBTA
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola Bays MBTA
Common goldeneye Bucephala clangula Bays, ocean MBTA
Greater scaup Aythya marila Bays, estuaries MBTA
Red-breasted merganser Mergus serrator Bays, ocean MBTA
Common merganser Mergus merganse Estuaries MBTA
Bald eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Coast, cliff MBTA, FT, WST*
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Coast MBTA
Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus Coast, cliffs, MBTA, FCo, WSS
Black oystercatcher Haematopus bachmani Rocky coast and islands MBTA
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Shore MBTA
Semipalmated plover Charadrius semipalmatus Shore, tidelands MBTA
Snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinu Beaches, sandflats MBTA, FT, WSE
American golden plover Pluvalis dominicus Shores, Mudflats MBTA
Black-bellied plover Pluvalis squatarola Mudflats, marshes, shores MBTA
Black turnstone Arenaria melanocephala Rocky shore and mudflats MBTA
Ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres Beaches, rocks MBTA
Marbled godwit Limosa fedoa Beaches, tideflats MBTA
Greater yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca Marshes, mudflats MBTA
Lesser yellowlegs Tringa flavipes Marshes, mudflats MBTA
Spotted sandpiper Actitis macularia Shore MBTA
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Shores, marshes MBTA
Wandering tattler Heteroscelus incanus Rocky coasts, beaches MBTA
Long-billed dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Mudflats MBTA
Short-billed dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Mudflats MBTA
Rock sandpiper Calidris ptilocnemis Rocky shores MBTA
Baird's sandpiper Calidris bairdii Mudflats, shores MBTA
Least sandpiper Calidris minutilla Tideflats, shores MBTA
Sanderling Calidris alba Outer beaches, tideflats MBTA
Western sandpiper Calidris mauri Beaches, marshes MBTA
Red phalarope Phalaropus fulicaria Ocean, estuaries MBTA
Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Ocean, bays MBTA
Long-tailed jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus Ocean MBTA
Parasitic jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus Ocean, bays MBTA
Pomarine jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus Ocean, bays MBTA
South polar skua Catharacta mccormicki Ocean, bays MBTA
Bonaparte's gull Larus philadelphia Ocean, bays MBTA
California gull Larus californicus Coast, beaches MBTA
Glaucous-winged gull Larus glaucescens Coast, ocean, bays MBTA
Heermann's gull Larus heermanni Coast and nearby ocean MBTA
Herring gull Larus argentatus Coast, ocean, bays MBTA
Mew gull Larus brachyrhynchos Coastal waters MBTA
Thayer's gull Larus thayeri Ocean MBTA
Western gull Larus thayeri Ocean MBTA
Black-legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Ocean MBTA
Caspian tern Sterna caspia Coast, bays MBTA
Common tern Sterna hirundo Ocean, bays, beaches MBTA
Forster's tern Sterna forsteri Ocean, bays, marshes MBTA
Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea Ocean, coast MBTA
Ancient murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquum Ocean MBTA
Cassin's auklet Ptychoramphus aleuticus Ocean MBTA, FCo, WSC
Common murre Uria aalge Ocean, bays MBTA, WSC
Marbled murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus Coastal waters, bays MBTA, FT, WST*
Pigeon guillemot Cepphus columba Ocean, rocky coast MBTA
Rhinoceros auklet Cerorhinca monocerata Ocean MBTA
Tufted puffin Lunda cirrhata Ocean MBTA, FCo, WSC
Belted kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Marshes, shores, tideflats MBTA
Great blue heron Ardea herodias Marshes, tideflats MBTA

FT - Federally Threatened, under the Endangered Species Act
FE - Federally Endangered, under the Endangered Species Act
FCo - Federal Species of Concern
WST - Washington State Threatened
WSE - Washington State Endangered
WSS - Washington State Sensitive
WSC - Washington State Candidate
MBTA - Migratory Bird Treaty Act


R- resident (present all year, but could be far out at sea and not visible from shore)
W - winter
Sp - spring
S - summer
F - fall


* Indicates the species is under review for a change of status at the Washington State level

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