Machine learning applied to wind turbine blades impact detection

Journal Article

Title: Machine learning applied to wind turbine blades impact detection
Authors: Hu, C.; Albertani, R.
Publication Date:
May 29, 2019
Journal: Wind Engineering
Pages: 1-14
Publisher: Sage Publications
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Citation

Hu, C.; Albertani, R. (2019). Machine learning applied to wind turbine blades impact detection. Wind Engineering,, 1-14.
Abstract: 

The significant development of wind power generation worldwide brings, together with environmental benefits, wildlife concerns, especially for volant species vulnerability to interactions with wind energy facilities. For surveying such events, an automatic system for continuous monitoring of blade collisions is critical. An onboard multi-senor system capable of providing real-time collision detection using integrated vibration sensors is developed and successfully tested. However, to detect low signal-to-noise ratio impact can be challenging; hence, an advanced impact detection method has been developed and presented in this article. A robust automated detection algorithm based on support vector machine is proposed. After a preliminary signal pre-processing, geometric features specifically selected for their sensitivity to impact signals are extracted from raw vibration signal and energy distribution graph. The predictive model is formulated by training conventional support vector machine using extracted features for impact identification. Finally, the performance of the predictive model is evaluated by accuracy, precision, and recall. Results indicate a linear regression relationship between signal-to-noise ratio and model overall performance. The proposed method is much reliable on higher signal-to-noise ratio (SNR≥6), but it shows to be ineffective at lower signal-to-noise ratio (SNR<2).

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