Community benefits from offshore renewables: The relationship between different understandings of impact, community, and benefit

Journal Article

Title: Community benefits from offshore renewables: The relationship between different understandings of impact, community, and benefit
Publication Date:
March 22, 2017
Journal: Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space
Volume: 36
Issue: 1
Pages: 92-117
Publisher: Sage Journals

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Rudolph, D.; Haggett, C.; Aitken, M. (2017). Community benefits from offshore renewables: The relationship between different understandings of impact, community, and benefit. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, 36(1), 92-117.
Abstract: 

This paper presents the findings of a research project evaluating community benefit models for offshore renewables. We identify and analyse UK and international case studies of different forms of community benefit, and provide evidence of how such benefits are delivered. In particular we consider the key relationship between the identification of communities, perception of impact, and the apportionment of benefits. In doing so, we develop a range of different definitions of ‘community’, ‘benefit’, and ‘impact’ when considering community benefits. We propose that the way in which community, benefit, and impact are understood is crucial in determining whether or how benefits should be apportioned and delivered; and that these definitions are closely connected to each other. We develop a new series of typologies as a way to understand this. Finally, we assess different mechanisms and schemes of community benefits to identify good practice and key points of learning for policy and planning.

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