Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Typessort descending Stressors Receptors
A Review on the Technology, Performance, Design Optimization, Reliability, Techno-Economics and Environmental Impacts of Hydrokinetic Energy Conversion Systems Kumar, D., Sarkar, S. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device N/A
Effects of Renewable Energy Production and Infrastructure on Wildlife Sanchez-Zapata, J., et al. May 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem
Establishing a legal research agenda for ocean energy Wright, G., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Institutional Improvement Measures for Environmental Assessment in the Pursuit of Eco-Friendly Ocean Renewable Energy Development in South Korea Park, J., Kim, T. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Renewables, Shipping, and Protected Species: A Vanishing Opportunity for Effective Marine Spatial Planning? Petruny, L., Wright, A., Smith, C. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning, Navigation
Characterizing Biological Impacts at Marine Renewable Energy Sites Wiesebron, L., Horne, J., Hendrix, N. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem
Expert Elicitation Methods in Quantifying the Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance from Offshore Renewable Energy Developments Donovan, C., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise N/A
Understanding the Population Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance for Marine Mammals Harwood, J., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals
Fulfilling EU Laws to Ensure Marine Mammal Protection During Marine Renewable Construction Operations in Scotland Dolman, S., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Hydropower and Environmental Regulation - A Scottish Perspective Copestake, P. March 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Birds
Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy: Trialling Methods for Tracking the Fine Scale Underwater Movements of Marine Mammals in Areas of Marine Renewable Energy Development Sparling, C., et al. June 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
A Review of the Environmental Impacts for Marine and Hydrokinetic Projects to Inform Regulatory Permitting: Summary Findings from the 2015 Workshop on Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies, Washington, D.C. Baring-Gould, E., et al. July 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Consenting Processes for Ocean Energy Updated on Barriers and Recommendations O'Hagan, A. July 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Modelling the Propagation of Underwater Acoustic Emissions for Condition Monitoring of Marine Renewable Energy Walsh, J., et al. July 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Noise N/A
Developing Benefit Schemes and Financial Compensation Measures for Fishermen Impacted by Marine Renewable Energy Projects Reilly, K., O'Hagan, A., Dalton, G. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Fishing
A Review of Regulatory and Policy Requirements for Hydrokinetic Power Projects in New York State Linz, F., Hirschberger, A., Casadonte, A. December 2012 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Moving from Consultation to Participation: A Case Study of the Involvement of Fishermen in Decisions Relating to Marine Renewable Energy Projects on the Island of Ireland Reilly, K., O'Hagan, A., Dalton, G. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Fishing, Stakeholder Engagement
MERiFIC 3.3.3: Technical Report Biodiversity Assessment - Methods for Surveying Marine Mammal Biodiversity around Small Islands Ingram, S. May 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Assessing the Cumulative Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Developments: Establishing Common Ground Willsteed, E., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment
Environmental Effects Monitoring Programs: Fundy Ocean Research Center for Energy (FORCE) FORCE March 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Review of Information Sources to Support Connectivity Assessments under the Habitats Regulations Carse, L. November 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem
Introducing Ocean Energy Industries to a Busy Marine Environment Hammar, L., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Current Ability to Assess Impacts of Electromagnetic Fields Associated with Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies on Marine Fishes in Hawaii Claisse, J., et al. September 2015 Report Marine Energy general EMF Fish
Interactions of Marine Hydrokinetic Devices in Complex Bathymetries: Numerical Simulations in the Chacao Channel in Southern Chile. Soto, K., Escauriaza, C., Richter, D. December 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Regulatory Introduction: Roles and Responsibilities within the Permitting Process West, A. May 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Environmental Effects of Marine Energy Development on Physical Systems Roberts, J., Jones, C. May 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general Energy Removal Farfield Environment
MHK and Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs) Gill, A. May 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general EMF N/A
Turning Off the DRIP ('Data-Rich, Information-Poor') - Rationalising Monitoring with a Focus on Marine Renewable Energy Developments and the Benthos Wilding, T., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem
EIMR 2016 Expert Workshop Report: Biofouling Miller, R., Loxton, J. February 2016 Workshop Article Marine Energy general Static Device N/A
MASTS Marine Renewable Energy Forum: Workshop on Environmental Impacts Research Funding Miller, R. October 2016 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish and Invertebrates - FY2010 Progress Report Schultz, I., et al. October 2010 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Stochasticism in Noise Generated by an Array of Marine Hydrokinetic Devices Hafla, E., Johnson, E., Roberts, J. November 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise N/A
Coupled Modeling of Hydrodynamics and Sound in Coastal Ocean for Renewable Ocean Energy Development Long, W., et al. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise N/A
D7.1: Requirements and Criteria for the Design and Planning of Ocean Energy Farms DTOcean May 2015 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Fine-Scale Foraging Movements by Fish-Eating Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) Relate to the Vertical Distributions and Escape Responses of Salmonid Prey (Oncorhynchus spp.) Wright, B., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Ocean Energy Systems Annual Report 2016 Ocean Energy Systems (OES) December 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Pacific Region Marine Renewables Environmental Regulatory Workshop Report Copping, A., et al. March 2017 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A Regional Ecological Risk Assessment of the Kaipara Harbour, New Zealand, Using a Relative Risk Model Kanwar, P., Bowden, W., Greenhalgh, S. May 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Combined Optical and Acoustic Monitoring of Fishes in the Demonstration Site of Marine Renewable Energy Development Kitazawa, D., Mizukami, Y. June 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Understanding our seas: National Institute of Oceanography, Goa Naqvi, S. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general Energy Removal Socio-economics, Fishing
Benthic Community Composition on Submerged Reefs in the Central Great Barrier Reef Roberts, T., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Out in the Wash: Spatial Ecology of a Temperate Marine Shallow Rocky-Reef Species Derived using Acoustic Telemetry Stocks, J., Gray, C., Taylor, M. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
SuperGen Phase One Monograph SuperGen Marine Energy Research October 2007 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
SuperGen Phase Two Monograph SuperGen Marine Energy Research October 2011 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
SuperGen Phase Three Monograph SuperGen Marine Energy Research November 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Legal System for the Development of Marine Renewable Energy in China Chang, Y., Wang, N. August 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A Framework for Determining Improved Placement of Current Energy Converters Subject to Environmental Constraints Nelson, K., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Developing a Novel Risk-Based Methodology for Multi-Criteria Decision Making in Marine Renewable Energy Applications Abaei, M., et al. March 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Marine Renewable Energy, Electromagnetic (EM) Fields and EM-Sensitive Animals Gill, A., et al. February 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy general EMF N/A
Observations and Tracking of Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) with Shore-Based X-Band Marine Radar at a Marine Energy Test Site McCann, D., Bell, P. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Seabird Ecology in High-Energy Environments: Approaches to Assessing Impacts of Marine Renewables Robbins, A. July 2017 Thesis Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Birds, Seabirds
Licensing Guidance for Marine Renewable Energy Projects in Portugal (Mainland Coast) de Jesus, J., Almodovar, M., Simas, T. September 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Modeling Baseline Conditions of Ecological Indicators: Marine Renewable Energy Environmental Monitoring Linder, H., Horne, J., Ward, E. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem
Setting an Agenda for Biofouling Research for the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Loxton, J., et al. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
D4.8 Database for Environmental Monitoring Techniques and Equipment Scanu, S., et al. January 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Dictionary of Ocean Energy (Chinese) Wen, X., Zhu, K. June 2014 Book Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Seasonal and Diel Patterns in Cetacean Use and Foraging at a Potential Marine Renewable Energy Site Nuuttila, H., et al. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Whale Entanglements Off California Fact Sheet National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration January 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
A Review of Methods and Models for Environmental Monitoring of Marine Renewable Energy Bender, A., Francisco, F., Sundberg, J. September 2017 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A N/A
2017 Marine Hydrokinetic Instrumentation Workshop Report Driscoll, F., Mauer, E., Rieks, J. March 2018 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Impacts on Elasmobranch (shark, rays, and skates) and American Lobster Movement and Migration from Direct Current Cables Hutchison, Z., et al. March 2018 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Offshore Energy and Marine Spatial Planning Yates, K., Bradshaw, C. February 2018 Book Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Observing Fish Using Underwater Camera at the Test Site before Installing Ocean Power Generation Yoshida, T., Kitazawa, D., Mizukami, Y. June 2017 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Collaboration and Innovation Challenges faced by the Ocean Energy Sector and Possible Solutions Marine Renewables Industry Association (MRIA) May 2018 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Governance barriers to sustainable energy transitions - Assessing Ireland's capacity towards marine energy futures Lange, M., et al. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Understanding the effects of electromagnetic field emissions from Marine Renewable Energy Devices (MREDs) on the commercially important edible crab, Cancer pagurus (L.) Scott, K., Harsanyi, P., Lyndon, A. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates
Modeling underwater noise propagation from marine hydrokinetic power devices through a time-domain, velocity-pressure solution Halfa, E., et al. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise N/A
Marine Planning: An Ocean Energy Perspective Johnson, K., Wright, G. January 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Consenting ocean energy projects: issues, challenges and opportunities O'Hagen, A., Wright, G. January 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Ensuring the sustainable development of ocean energy technologies through environmental assessment laws and policies Wright, G., Willsteed, E., O'Hagan, A. January 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A Sea of Troubles? Evaluating User Conflicts in the Development of Ocean Energy de Groot, J., et al. January 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Overcoming Barriers to Marine Renewables Energy Development Freeman, M., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
BioFREE: an international collaboration to assess the impacts of biofouling on the marine renewable energy industry Want, A., Porter, J. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Offshore Energy Planning Provisions and transnational Maritime Spatial Planning in the North Sea Region: Findings from the NorthSEE project Wright, K., Kafas, A., Davies, I. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Towards improving biofouling information within MRE environments Quillienn, N., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Development Technical Support and General Environmental Studies Copping, A., Geerlofs, S. January 2010 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power: Review and Appraisal VanZwieten, J., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Technologies: Potential Navigational Impacts and Mitigation Measures Cool, R., et al. December 2009 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Marine Sector Analysis Report: Marine Renewable Energy N/A October 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Automatic optical detection and classification of marine animals around MHK converters using machine vision Brunton, S. January 2018 Report Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Climate change and renewable energy from the ocean and tides: Calming the sea of regulatory uncertainty Leary, D., Esteban, M. December 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Mechanical properties of harbor seal skin and blubber a test of anisotropy Grear, M., et al. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Building Industries at Sea: 'Blue Growth' and the New Maritime Economy Johnson, K., Dalton, G., Masters, I. January 2018 Book Marine Energy general N/A N/A
FERC eLibrary Federal Energy Regulatory Commission November 2018 Database Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Database Open EI November 2018 Database Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database Open EI November 2018 Database Marine Energy general N/A N/A
MHK Tech Papers Blog Polagye, B. December 2012 Database Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Modeling At-Sea Density of Marine Birds to Support Atlantic Marine Renewable Energy Planning Winship, A., et al. June 2018 Report Marine Energy general N/A Birds
LCRI 2015 Overview of LCRI Research 2008 to 2015 Jones, P., et al. June 2015 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
Particles as Porpoise - Applying CFD Results to Environmental Interactions Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, N. May 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Methods for Individual Based Modelling of Harbour Porpoise Croft, N., Masters, I., Lake, T. September 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Algorithms for Marine Mammal Modelling and an Application in Ramsey Sound Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, N. January 2017 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
The Marine Soundscape and the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Mammals Erbe, C. September 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals
Sediment Burial Intolerance of Marine Macroinvertebrates Hendrick, V., Hutchison, Z., Last, K. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Invertebrates
Maritime Renewable Energy Markets: Power From the Sea Copping, A., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Contrasting effects of GPS device and harness attachment on adult survival of Lesser Black‐backed Gulls Larus fuscus and Great Skuas Stercorarius skua Thaxter, C., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Birds
The Ornithodolite as a tool to quantify animal space use and habitat selection: a case study with birds diving in tidal waters Cole, E., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Birds, Seabirds
Ocean Energy Systems Annual Report 2017 Ocean Energy Systems (OES) December 2017 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Effects of mid-frequency active sonar on hearing in fish Halvorsen, M., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
The influence of maritime spatial planning on the development of marine renewable energies in Portugal and Spain: Legal challenges and opportunities Salvador, S., Gimeno, L., Larruga, F. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning

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