This chapter examines a range of contemporary issues relating to coastal management, and the challenge of delivering sustainable development of coastal and marine resources. While the geographic focus is European, literature from other regions of the globe is incorporated within the chapter sections. Indeed, many of the coastal issues addressed in this chapter are not specific to Europe’s coastal domain; therefore, the content is applicable to many coastal locations outside of Europe. Within this chapter, coastal environments (including the marine component) are presented in terms of their socio-environmental character, how they are managed, salient issues and challenges, and associated management responses, and finally an examination of the outlook for the management of coastal environments is provided. Case study material is used to communicate contemporary approaches to integrated management of coastal environments.