The world has witnessed an unprecedented growth of WF installation, driven by national and international energy policies. Considering the negative impacts of fossil fuel and associated climate changes, wind is an important form of renewable energy. Nevertheless, the conventional WFs also have some environmental effects. Besides, the conventional WTs lack in performance due to technical limitations. Upon comprehensively reviewing the impacts and the technicalities, this literature focused on the recent developments in the research community to predict the potential research pathways for technical optimization and modification of the relevant policies.