Wind power is the cleanest electricity and currently the second largest source of power among the renewable energy sources. It has many environmental and socioeconomic benefits, such as reduction of greenhouse gas emission, positive impact on public health and job opportunities. Many developing economies with high wind density are aggressively installing wind turbines. Hence, governments are adopting wind energy to improve energy matrix. China is the largest producer of wind power and manufacturer of the technology in the world. Other developing countries like India and Brazil are among the top ten countries in terms of installed capacity. The levelized cost of wind electricity has been decreasing significantly for both onshore and offshore wind power. However, there are some disadvantages of wind power, such as casualty of birds and bats, noise pollution, visual effects, adverse impact on marine fishery and mammals, and negative consequences on land ecosystem. In order to reap the benefits of wind energy in developing countries especially in 2030 and beyond, sustainability should be attained through economies of scale, minimizing environmental hazards, and attaining greater public support.