Wind energy is supposed to be one of the energy generation pioneers in the context of energy transition due to its high performance, wide resource distribution, and competitive prices. However, the development of onshore wind energy has been hampered by the limited availability of land and unreasonable spatial planning. This paper compares the wind energy roadmaps of Germany and China from the perspective of administration, legislation, policy, and planning regimes. Supported by the sound administrative system, both countries have complete legal frameworks, categorized as energy, planning, and environmental aspects. Abundant policies (e.g., development plan, financial incentives, and wild animal protection) promulgated by the central and local authorities flexibly support the promotion of wind energy. The differentiation between the two countries in planning and permitting procedures is attributed to the differentiation in spatial planning systems and relevant regulations. Germany has more flexible regulations and decrees at state and local levels, while China has stronger execution and high efficiency based on unified governance. It is recommended that more delicate regulations and standards issued for Chinese wind development promotion, especially the contents of spatial planning and environmental protection.