Recent research has shown that higher ambient turbulence leads to better wake recovery, so turbines could be installed in closer proximity in real tidal flows than might be assumed from typical towing tank tests that do not take into account turbulent inflow conditions. The standard tools to assess flow velocities in field conditions are Doppler based sonar devices, such as Acoustic Doppler Profilers (ADPs) or Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters (ADVs). The use of these devices poses some challenges when assessing the wake of a tidal turbine. While ADPs allow the three-dimensional measurement of a velocity profile over a distance, the data is calculated as a mean of three diverging beams and with low temporal resolution. ADVs can measure with higher sampling frequency but only at a single point in the flow. During the MaRINET testing of the SCHOTTEL SIT turbine at the QUB tidal test site in Portaferry, Northern Ireland, ADP and ADV measurements were successfully tested. Two methods were employed for measuring the wake: firstly, with a rigidly mounted ADP and secondly, with a submerged ADV which was streamed behind the turbine. This paper presents the experimental set-up and results and discusses limitations and challenges of the two methods used.
Field Testing a Full-Scale Tidal Turbine Part 2: In-Line Wake Effects
Title: Field Testing a Full-Scale Tidal Turbine Part 2: In-Line Wake Effects
September 09, 2015
Conference Name: 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
Conference Location: Nantes, France
Schmitt, P.; Elsaesser, B.; Bischof, S.; Starzmann, R. (2015). Field Testing a Full-Scale Tidal Turbine Part 2: In-Line Wake Effects. Paper Presented at the 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference, Nantes, France.