In September 2010, the German government adopted the national Energy Concept, a roadmap for an environmentally friendly, reliable and affordable energy supply up to the year 2050. The importance of this goal increased further when in the wake of the Fukushima incident in 2011, Germany decided to phase out nuclear energy. The German government’s target is for the installation of 10 GW of wind power off the German coast by 2020, rising to 25 GW by 2030. The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) which is responsible for licensing offshore wind power projects in the German Exclusive Economic Zone, has so far granted 33 licences for offshore windfarms. Considerable effort goes into ensuring the environmentally sound expansion of offshore wind energy.
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