Due to the construction of offshore wind farms and its potential effect on marine wildlife, the numerical prediction of pile driving noise over long ranges has recently gained importance. In this contribution, a coupled finite element/wavenumber integration model for noise prediction is presented and validated by measurements. The ocean environment, especially the sea bottom, can only be characterized with limited accuracy in terms of input parameters for the numerical model at hand. Therefore the effect of these parameter uncertainties on the prediction of sound pressure levels (SPLs) in the water column is investigated by a probabilistic approach. In fact, a variation of the bottom material parameters by means of Monte-Carlo simulations shows significant effects on the predicted SPLs. A sensitivity analysis of the model with respect to the single quantities is performed, as well as a global variation. Based on the latter, the probability distribution of the SPLs at an exemplary receiver position is evaluated and compared to measurements. The aim of this procedure is to develop a model to reliably predict an interval for the SPLs, by quantifying the degree of uncertainty of the SPLs with the MC simulations.
The Significance of Parameter Uncertainties for the Prediction of Offshore Pile Driving Noise
Title: The Significance of Parameter Uncertainties for the Prediction of Offshore Pile Driving Noise
September 05, 2014
Journal: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Publisher: Acoustical Society of America
Lippert, T.; von Estorff, O. (2014). The Significance of Parameter Uncertainties for the Prediction of Offshore Pile Driving Noise. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 136, 2463-2471.