Competing usage of marine space has prompted several coastal nations to implement marine spatial planning (MSP). While progressive governments promote the deployment of renewable energy technologies (RETs) in order to meet renewable energy capacity and greenhouse gas emissions reductions targets, offshore RETs become another player operating within a ﬁnite and already stressed marine environment. This paper applies the sectoral MSP process employed by Scotland to the Nova Scotia context in order to draft a MSP for the province's tidal energy sector. Applicable legislation is reviewed in order to establish the regulatory authorities with powers to plan for both the marine development and ecosystem protection agendas. The scoping process identiﬁes suitable resource areas based on the operational parameters of commercially viable tidal current turbines (TCTs), while the sustainability appraisal identiﬁes areas of cultural, industry, ecological, and socioeconomic constraint and exclusion. Plan option areas emanating from the applied methodology demonstrated a 238.345 km2 (98.1%) increase in suitable TCT deployment area than the marine renewable energy areas identiﬁed in Nova Scotia's Marine Renewable Energy Act which did not undertake such a methodology.
From Scotland to New Scotland: Constructing a Sectoral Marine Plan for Tidal Energy for Nova Scotia
Title: From Scotland to New Scotland: Constructing a Sectoral Marine Plan for Tidal Energy for Nova Scotia
October 01, 2017
Journal: Marine Policy
Sangiuliano, S.; Mastrantonis, S. (2017). From Scotland to New Scotland: Constructing a Sectoral Marine Plan for Tidal Energy for Nova Scotia. Marine Policy, 84, 1-11.