Reference Model 6 (RM6): Oscillating Wave Energy Converter


Title: Reference Model 6 (RM6): Oscillating Wave Energy Converter
Publication Date:
September 01, 2014
Document Number: SAND2014-18311
Pages: 85
Technology Type:

Document Access

Website: External Link
Attachment: Access File
(2 MB)


Bull, D.; Smith, C.; Jenne, D.; Jacob, P.; Copping, A.; Willits, S.; Fontaine, A.; Brefort, D.; Copeland, G.; Gordon, M.; Jepsen, R. (2014). Reference Model 6 (RM6): Oscillating Wave Energy Converter. Report by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). pp 85.

This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. In this report, a conceptual design for an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (WEC) device appropriate for the modeled reference resource site was identified, and a detailed backward bent duct buoy (BBDB) device design was developed using a combination of numerical modeling tools and scaled physical models. Our team used the methodology in SAND2013-9040 for the economic analysis that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays, up to 100 devices. The methodology was applied to identify key cost drivers and to estimate levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for this RM6 Oscillating Water Column device in dollars per kilowatt-hour ($/kWh). Although many costs were difficult to estimate at this time due to the lack of operational experience, the main contribution of this work was to disseminate a detailed set of methodologies and models that allow for an initial cost analysis of this emerging technology. This project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Wind and Water Power Technologies Program Office (WWPTO), within the Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE). Sandia National Laboratories, the lead in this effort, collaborated with partners from National Laboratories, industry, and universities to design and test this reference model.

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