Potential Impacts from a Worst Case Discharge from an United States Offshore Wind Farm

Conference Paper

Title: Potential Impacts from a Worst Case Discharge from an United States Offshore Wind Farm
Authors: Gunter, T.
Publication Date:
January 01, 2014
Conference Name: International Oil Spill Conference
Pages: 869-877
Affiliation:
Stressor:

Document Access

Attachment: Access File
(397 KB)

Citation

Gunter, T. (2014). Potential Impacts from a Worst Case Discharge from an United States Offshore Wind Farm. Paper Presented at the International Oil Spill Conference.
Abstract: 

The main purpose of this research is to explore potential environmental impacts of a worst case discharge (WCD) from an offshore commercial wind farm electric service platform (ESP) in the Northeast United States. Wind farms in the continental United States are a growing industry as an energy alternative to traditional oil, coal, and natural gas energy sources. While many offshore wind farms already exist in Europe and around the world, the Cape Wind Project in New England received the first federally approved lease for an offshore wind energy production facility in the United States. While offshore wind energy is a green source of energy, wind driven energy has its own set of environmental risks, including the risks of an oil spill. A systematic review of scholarly journals, federal government websites and other academic resources was conducted to identify previous spills in the Northeast with the closest match in volume and location to the Cape Wind Project. The oil spills from the barge North Cape in 1996 near Point Judith, Rhode Island and from the barge Florida in Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts, in 1996, had the most similarities to a potential WCD spill from the Cape Wind Project. Both of these spills adversely impacted the environment, and provide useful information that can be used for the planning efforts surrounding a WCD event from the Cape Wind Project. 

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