Offshore Renewable Energy: Ecological Implications of Generating Electricity in the Coastal Zone

Journal Article

Title: Offshore Renewable Energy: Ecological Implications of Generating Electricity in the Coastal Zone
Authors: Gill, A.
Publication Date:
August 05, 2005
Journal: Journal of Applied Ecology
Volume: 42
Pages: 605-615
Publisher: British Ecological Society
Affiliation:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Gill, A. (2005). Offshore Renewable Energy: Ecological Implications of Generating Electricity in the Coastal Zone. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 605-615.
Abstract: 

Much research has gone into renewable energy alternatives. While renewable energy is sought as a safer alternative to oil, it is not without environmental implications. Currently, less than 1% of renewable energy research studies environmental implications. This study examines the environmental risks offshore renewable energy poses. An immediate impact is the effect on coastal environments, since wind farms can be as large as 20-50 square kilometers. This means a dramatic change in sediment and seabed habitats. This process could displace animals and or confuse animals during construction phase with high noise levels. In addition, electromagnetic fields from underwater cables could disrupt animal communication.

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