This paper presents the case study of two wind turbinesinstalled in Mexico which are analyzed using the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology. Environmental impacts of different fabrication materials and electricity consumptionwere studied for the main turbine components. The designs of both turbines were examined through the phases of manufacture, construction, and final disposal. Both turbines (turbine A and turbine B) were of 2.0 megawatts (MW). Results ascertain that the most intensive environmental impacts come from the nacelle and tower components of both turbines; and that within life cycle phases, turbine A influences the environment less than turbine B, specifically during manufacture and final disposal. This study is valuable for decision makers in the domain of technological product design and marketing; in order to determine which features of the wind turbines can be modified to mitigate environmental impacts, contributing to technological innovation in the domains of sustainability and renewable energies in Mexico.
Life cycle assessment: A case study of two wind turbines used in Mexico
Title: Life cycle assessment: A case study of two wind turbines used in Mexico
January 22, 2015
Journal: Applied Thermal Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Vargas, A.; Zenón, E.; Oswald, U.; Islas, J.; Güereca, L.; Manzini, F. (2015). Life cycle assessment: A case study of two wind turbines used in Mexico. Applied Thermal Engineering, 75, 1210-1216.