Utility-scale large wind farms are rapidly growing in size and numbers all over the world. Data from a meteorological field campaign show that such wind farms can significantly affect near-surface air temperatures. These effects result from enhanced vertical mixing due to turbulence generated by wind turbine rotors. The impacts of wind farms on local weather can be minimized by changing rotor design or by siting wind farms in regions with high natural turbulence. Using a 25-y-long climate dataset, we identified such regions in the world. Many of these regions, such as the Midwest and Great Plains in the United States, are also rich in wind resources, making them ideal candidates for low-impact wind farms.
Impacts Of Wind Farms On Surface Air Temperatures
Title: Impacts Of Wind Farms On Surface Air Temperatures
January 15, 2010
Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Traiteur, J.; Roy, S. (2010). Impacts Of Wind Farms On Surface Air Temperatures. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107, 17899-17904.