Ruddy-headed goose Chloephaga rubidiceps has a migratory population that overwinters mainly in the Pampas region, Argentina, and breeds in Southern Patagonia. This population has decreased considerably, with less than 800 individuals remaining to date. We conducted the first assessment on the influence of environmental and anthropogenic-impact (wind farms and high-voltage networks) variables on ruddy-headed goose migration pathways across the Patagonian coast by applying kernel density analyses and statistical procedures. We used satellite tracking data obtained from six ruddy-headed geese during their migration pathways between 2015 and 2018. Five core distribution areas were identified during migration. During autumn migration, core areas were associated with high primary productivity and low elevation areas, while during spring migration they were located in the proximity of watercourses and waterbodies. We found that more than 30% of the grid cells included in the influence area of high-voltage networks overlapped with high-density areas for ruddy-headed geese during both migrations. Around 30% of the grid cells included in the influence zone of wind farms overlapped with high-density areas for ruddy-headed goose during autumn migration; while this applied to only 13% during spring migration.