Underwater cables will be used to transmit electricity between turbines in an array (interturbine cables), between the array and a submerged step-up transformer (if part of the design), and from the transformer or array to shore. All types of electrical transmitting cables (as well as the generator itself) will emit EMF into the surrounding water. The electric current will induce magnetic fields in the immediate vicinity, which may affect the behavior or viability of animals. Because direct electrical field emissions can be prevented by shielding and armoring, we focused our studies on the magnetic fields that are unavoidably induced by electric current moving through a generator or transmission cable. These initial experiments were carried out to evaluate whether a static magnetic field, such as would be produced by a direct current (DC) transmitting cable, would affect the behavior of common freshwater fish and invertebrates.
Effects on Freshwater Organisms of Magnetic Fields Associated with Hydrokinetic Turbines
Title: Effects on Freshwater Organisms of Magnetic Fields Associated with Hydrokinetic Turbines
July 01, 2011
Document Number: ORNL/TM-2011/244
Cada, G.; Bevelhimer, M.; Riemer, K.; Turner, J. (2011). Effects on Freshwater Organisms of Magnetic Fields Associated with Hydrokinetic Turbines. Report by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). pp 55.