Cumulative impacts of offshore windfarms

Book Chapter

Title: Cumulative impacts of offshore windfarms
Authors: Damian, H.; Merck, T.
Publication Date:
January 01, 2014
Book Title: Ecological Research at the Offshore Windfarm Alpha Ventus: Challenges, Results and Perspectives
Chapter: 17
Pages: 193-198
Publisher: Springer

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Damian, H.; Merck, T. (2014). Cumulative impacts of offshore windfarms. Ecological Research at the Offshore Windfarm Alpha Ventus: Challenges, Results and Perspectives (pp. 193-198). Springer.
Abstract: 

Offshore windfarms intrude upon an environment already heavily affected by human activities such as shipping and fishing. As they are large and complex installations and given the large numbers planned, offshore windfarms can be expected to have significant impacts on marine ecosystems with long-lasting effects from both construction and operation. Environmental impacts of offshore windfarms include destruction of the sea bottom and benthic communities, disruption of migrating species such as birds via barrier effects, and disturbance of sound-sensitive marine species through increased underwater noise. The various impacts affect species both concurrently and sequentially at different life stages and should therefore be assessed from a cumulative perspective.

 

Click here to view the book Ecological Research at the Offshore Windfarm alpha ventus: Challenges, Results and Perspectives.

Find Tethys on InstagramFind Tethys on FacebookFind Tethys on Twitter
 
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.