Cumulative Adverse Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Development on Wildlife

Journal Article

Title: Cumulative Adverse Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Development on Wildlife
Publication Date:
January 01, 2016
Journal: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Volume: 59
Issue: 1
Pages: 1-21
Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Goodale, W.; Milman, A. (2016). Cumulative Adverse Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Development on Wildlife. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 59(1), 1-21.
Abstract: 

Offshore wind energy development (OWED) is being pursued as a critical component in achieving a low-carbon energy economy. While the potential generating capacity is high, the cumulative effects of expansion of OWED on wildlife remain unclear. Since environmental regulations in many countries require analysis of the cumulative adverse effects (CAE) during permitting processes, this paper reviews the state of knowledge on CAE of OWED on wildlife. We synthesize ecological research on the effects of OWED on wildlife; delineate a framework for determining the scope of CAE assessments; describe approaches to avoiding, minimizing and compensating for CAE; and discuss critical uncertainties.

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