The mitigation hierarchy is a widely used framework to inform conservation decisions. The hierarchy offers a structured set of steps for how projects can lessen negative impacts or lead to an increase in biodiversity. In its simplest form, the mitigation hierarchy includes three stages: (1) avoid creating impacts from the outset, (2) minimize the impacts that cannot be avoided, and (3) compensate for or offset the impacts that cannot be minimized. Proper application of the hierarchy should decrease impacts of the project over time, such that most of the impact is alleviated through avoidance, leaving a modest amount remaining to minimize, and only a residual to compensate. In practice, avoidance should be prioritized and can be a cost-effective means of mitigation. Whereas compensation should be considered the lowest priority and should only be applied in situations in which the previous mitigation steps were unable to fully alleviate undesirable impacts.