Wind energy provides environmental benefits including ability to generate electricity without carbon emissions, water use, or emissions of water and air pollutants. However, the siting and operation of wind energy can present a risk of adverse impacts to wildlife, particularly individual birds and bats.
Wind Turbine Interactions with Wildlife and Their Habitats: A Summary of Research Results and Priority Questions summarizes publicly available information about the adverse impacts of land-based wind power on wildlife in North America and the status of our knowledge regarding how to avoid or minimize these impacts.
The information in this summary is updated and undergoes expert review annually to incorporate new results as they become publicly available. The summary includes in-text citations. Download a PDF of the full citations.