The suggested project aims at evaluating the potential for a successful implementation of renewable energy sources in the coastal zone of tropical developing countries integrating results from different scientific disciplines (ecology, social science and technology) into a useful support for development policy. Its emphasis will be on remote areas where poor infrastructures raise the demand for independent electricity supplies. Moreover, the project intends to identify key-issues and sociotechnical pathways for a future integration of suitable renewable energy sources in such areas.
The research will be based on analyses of the relationships between technical, ecological and social systems and focus on applying adequate technology in a socially and ecologically feasible way. The energy sources considered will be selected from local natural flowing resources, i.e. mainly tidal, stream, and wave energies. With funding from Sida (SAREC Planning Grant) and Adlerbertska Forskningsstiftelsen, a planning study was carried out during October – November 2007, including the subsequent parts:
1) meetings with representatives from several concerned institutions in Mozambique and in Tanzania
2) field visit to remote rural areas in southern Tanzania where hydrographical and coast morphological features were documented
3) meetings with village representatives in remote rural southern Tanzania in order to collect information about living standards, energy demands and development intentions
Compiled results from the three parts are presented in this report and will constitute a baseline for the forthcoming application of Sida Project grant, to be handed in April 2008. When taking part of the results it is important to keep in mind that the suggested project does not intend to construct any actual power plants, or pilot plants, but to study the prerequisites and consequences, technical, natural as well as societal in order to evaluate if and how a future implementation of these recent technologies could be carried out in a feasible and sustainable way.
This report is written with a plain perspective and contains no abstract. As the proceedings of the study will be the basis for a research application in progress, conclusions will instead be developed within that context. However, it can be stated that the project received a noticeable support from official, academic and local stakeholders in both Mozambique and Tanzania. It has been made clear that project initiative in its current appearance is very welcome and that bilateral co operations will be straightforward to form.
Concerning the ocean energy resource and suitability of sites this planning study has been far to restricted to make any assessments; information received from the meetings and the short visit in field nevertheless implies that several areas may have potential for energy extraction.