In 2007, European leaders agreed to source 20% of their energy needs from renewable energy; since that time, offshore wind farms have been receiving attention in the European Union (EU). In 2008, the European Community submitted a proposal to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) in order to combat marine noise pollution. In consideration of these facts, the present paper aims to deduce a preliminary hypothesis and its formulation for the effect of offshore wind farm noise on fish. The following general picture is drawn: the short-term potential impact during pre-construction; the short-term intensive impact during construction; and the physiological and/or masking effects that may occur over a long period while the wind farm is in operation. The EU's proposal to UNEP includes noise databases that list the origins of man-made sounds; it is advisable that offshore wind farms should be listed in the noise databases in order to promote rational environment management.
Risk Formulation For The Sonic Effects Of Offshore Wind Farms On Fish In The EU Region
Title: Risk Formulation For The Sonic Effects Of Offshore Wind Farms On Fish In The EU Region
February 01, 2010
Journal: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Kikuchi, R. (2010). Risk Formulation For The Sonic Effects Of Offshore Wind Farms On Fish In The EU Region. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60(2), 172-177.