Risk Formulation For The Sonic Effects Of Offshore Wind Farms On Fish In The EU Region

Journal Article

Title: Risk Formulation For The Sonic Effects Of Offshore Wind Farms On Fish In The EU Region
Authors: Kikuchi, R.
Publication Date:
February 01, 2010
Journal: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Volume: 60
Issue: 2
Pages: 172-177
Publisher: Elsevier
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Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Kikuchi, R. (2010). Risk Formulation For The Sonic Effects Of Offshore Wind Farms On Fish In The EU Region. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60(2), 172-177.
Abstract: 

In 2007, European leaders agreed to source 20% of their energy needs from renewable energy; since that time, offshore wind farms have been receiving attention in the European Union (EU). In 2008, the European Community submitted a proposal to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) in order to combat marine noise pollution. In consideration of these facts, the present paper aims to deduce a preliminary hypothesis and its formulation for the effect of offshore wind farm noise on fish. The following general picture is drawn: the short-term potential impact during pre-construction; the short-term intensive impact during construction; and the physiological and/or masking effects that may occur over a long period while the wind farm is in operation. The EU's proposal to UNEP includes noise databases that list the origins of man-made sounds; it is advisable that offshore wind farms should be listed in the noise databases in order to promote rational environment management.

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