The wind energy industry is growing worldwide. Recently, a number of physical and numerical modeling studies have been carried out in Europe to implement the offshore wind turbine technology, as well as the wind resource. Accordingly, the consideration of the possible environmental impacts of this technology on the marine environment, already affected by several anthropogenic pressures (e.g. fishery, maritime traffic) becomes increasingly important. Main goal of this paper is to provide an overview of the offshore wind farm developments and the associated environmental impacts at European level. The Italian state of the art is also presented.
Offshore Wind Turbines: An Overview of the Effects on the Marine Environment
Title: Offshore Wind Turbines: An Overview of the Effects on the Marine Environment
July 01, 2016
Conference Name: 26th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference
Conference Location: Rhodes, Greece
Publisher: International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISPOE)
Riefolo, L.; Lanfredi, C.; Azzellino, A.; Tomasicchio, G.; Felice, D.; Penchev, V.; Vicinanza, D. (2016). Offshore Wind Turbines: An Overview of the Effects on the Marine Environment. Paper Presented at the 26th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, Rhodes, Greece.