Appropriate site selection and design, good construction techniques and implementation of appropriate site specific mitigation measures are the primary means of avoiding and/or minimising impacts on the freshwater environment from wind farm developments. In addition, integrated monitoring programmes that include water quality, macroinvertebrate and fish population assessments can also provide important and rapid information on impacts, ensuring effective site management, mitigation and, if necessary, restoration throughout the course of a wind farm development.
Generic monitoring programme for monitoring watercourses in relation to onshore wind farm developments
Marine Scotland Science (2018). Generic monitoring programme for monitoring watercourses in relation to onshore wind farm developments. Report by Marine Scotland Science. pp 8.