Mitigating anthropogenic climate change involves deployments of renewable energy worldwide, including wind energy, which can cause significant impacts on flying animals. Bats have highly contrasted responses to wind turbines (WT), either through attraction increasing collision risks, or avoidance leading to habitat losses. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown despite the expected rapid evolution of WT size and densities. Here, using an extensive acoustic sampling (i.e. 361 sites-nights) up to 1483 m from WT at regional scale, we disentangle the effects of WT size (ground clearance and rotor diameter), configuration (density and distance), and operation (blade rotation speed and wake effect) on hedgerow use by 8 bat species/groups and one vertical community distribution index. Our results reveal that all WT parameters affected bat activity and their vertical distribution. Especially, we show that the relative activity of high-flying species in the community was lower for higher WT density and lower ground clearance. Medium-flying species were sensitive to wind turbine distance, with either attraction or avoidance depending on proximity to the wake area and wind conditions. Specifically, wind turbine distance, wake effect and their interaction each affected the activity of one, three, and three species out of eight, respectively. Blade rotation and rotor diameter affected the activity of four and three species/groups, respectively, and ground clearance affected the activity of five ones. Taken together, WT configuration, operation, and size parameters affected the activity of three, five, and seven out of eight species/groups, respectively. These results call for the consideration of all these factors when assessing the ecological sustainability of future wind farms. The study especially advocates to avoid high WT densities, large rotors, and to site WT as far as possible from optimal habitats such as woody edges and not between them and the source of prevailing winds, in order to limit bats-WT interactions.