Avian interactions with wind energy facilities: A summary

Conference Paper

Title: Avian interactions with wind energy facilities: A summary
Authors: Colson, E.
Publication Date:
December 31, 1995
Conference Name: Annual Conference and Exhibition on Wind Power
Conference Location: Washington D.C.
Pages: 61
Receptor:
Technology Type:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Colson, E. (1995). Avian interactions with wind energy facilities: A summary. Paper Presented at the Annual Conference and Exhibition on Wind Power, Washington D.C.
Abstract: 

Currently, wind energy plants have been constructed or plans are being developed for projects in at least 13 states within the United States, also Canada, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Spain and Scotland (EPRI 1994, Winkelman 1994). Approximately, 16,000 wind turbines currently operate in California, making this area the largest concentration of wind energy development in the world. Notwithstanding its positive social values, wind energy has been shown to cause avian mortalities. Since the 1970`s many studies have been done to understand the interaction between wind energy development and birds. However our knowledge and understanding of bird interactions with wind energy development is incomplete.

 

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