Tidal Energy: The Benthic Effects of an Operational Tidal Stream Turbine

Journal Article

Title: Tidal Energy: The Benthic Effects of an Operational Tidal Stream Turbine
Publication Date:
August 01, 2017
Journal: Marine Environmental Research
Volume: 129
Pages: 277-290
Publisher: Elsevier
Stressor:
Receptor:
Technology Type:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

O'Carroll, J.; Kennedy, R.; Creech, A.; Savidge, G. (2017). Tidal Energy: The Benthic Effects of an Operational Tidal Stream Turbine. Marine Environmental Research, 129, 277-290.
Abstract: 

The effect of modified flow on epifaunal boulder reef communities adjacent to the SeaGen, the world's first grid-compliant tidal stream turbine, were assessed. The wake of the SeaGen was modelled and the outputs were used in conjunction with positional and substrate descriptor variables, to relate variation in epifaunal community structure to the modified physical environment. An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Generalised Linear Model (GLM) were used to make predictions on the distribution of Ecological Status (ES) of epifaunal communities in relation to the turbulent wake of the SeaGen. ES was assigned using the High Energy Hard Substrate (HEHS) index. ES was largely High throughout the survey area and it was not possible to make predictions on the spatial distribution of ES using an ANN or GLM. Spatial pattern in epifaunal community structure was detected when the study area was partitioned into three treatment areas: area D1; within one rotor diameter (16 m) of the centre of SeaGen, area D2; between one and three rotor diameters, and area D3; outside of three rotor diameters. Area D1 was found to be significantly more variable than D2 and D3 in terms of epifaunal community structure, bare rock distributions and ES.

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