In 2012, English Heritage commissioned Fjordr Ltd to prepare guidance on the interaction between wave and tidal energy generation and the historic environment. Partnership funding from Historic Scotland and Cadw enabled the guidance to encompass Scotland and Wales. This paper describes the key findings that emerged from a programme of extensive preparatory research and discussions with developers, regulators and archaeologists across Great Britain. It describes some effects of wave and tidal energy on the historic environment, with a particular focus on Scotland, and identifies options and best practice for ensuring that such development is undertaken sustainably.
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