Environmental Issues of Natural Temperature Differences Utilization

Book Chapter

Title: Environmental Issues of Natural Temperature Differences Utilization
Authors: Gauthier, M.
Publication Date:
August 03, 2005
Book Title: Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems
Volume: 1
Chapter: Renewable Energy Sources Charged with Energy From the Sun and Originated from Earth-Moon Internactions
Pages: 5
Publisher: Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems
Interactions:
Technology Type:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Gauthier, M. (2005). Environmental Issues of Natural Temperature Differences Utilization. Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (pp. 5). Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems.
Abstract: 

In this article the environmental issues of both the energy conversion concepts using the temperature gradients that exist between water masses in the ocean at low latitudes (OTEC) and between sea or river water masses in the ocean at high latitudes (AWTEC), are examined.  Both OTEC an AWTEC use a degraded solar energy resource that does not consume irreplaceable natural resources nor generate specific pollutants.  Yet building and operating plants will inevitably disturb the natural environment in their close surrounding and - to some extend - at the regional and global levels.  The AWTEC and OTEC threat for the environment depends upon the very processes of the energy conversion themselves, and upon the size and the design of the installations.  As for the environmental consequences they are depending upon the characteristics of the site and its surrounding ecosystem.

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