Whereas the initiation and advance of localized corrosion often limits a prolonged application of stainless steel in seawater, the particular conditions that trigger this type of corrosion are not fully understood due to high variability of water parameter s and diversity of the biological component. In this study, coupons of AISI 304 and 316L were tested in fresh natural seawater of South East Pacific (coast of central Chile) employing two flow - through exposition racks: one keeping the coupons at full immer sion and one allowing the simulation of tides through variable level of water effecting dry - wet cycles. Loss of weight and electrochemical characterization after 1, 5, 15 and 30 weeks of exposition revealed that for both materials the intermittent immersio n results in considerably less corrosion, both general and localized. After 15 weeks, all samples showed a negative shift of OCP, i.e. the opposite of ennoblement, which is explained by the activity of microorganisms associated with change of season.
Corrosion of Stainless Steel in Simulated Tide of Fresh Natural Seawater of South East Pacific
Title: Corrosion of Stainless Steel in Simulated Tide of Fresh Natural Seawater of South East Pacific
July 07, 2016
Journal: International Journal of Electrochemical Science
Fischer, D.; Daille, L.; Aguirre, J.; Galarce, C.; Armijo, F.; De la Iglesia, R.; Pizarro, G.; Vargas, I.; Walczak, M. (2016). Corrosion of Stainless Steel in Simulated Tide of Fresh Natural Seawater of South East Pacific. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 11, 6873-6885.