Acoustic characterization of sensors used for marine environmental monitoring

Journal Article

Title: Acoustic characterization of sensors used for marine environmental monitoring
Publication Date:
July 01, 2019
Journal: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Volume: 144
Pages: 205-215
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
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Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Cotter, E.; Murphy, P.; Bassett, C.; Williamson, B.; Polagye, B. (2019). Acoustic characterization of sensors used for marine environmental monitoring. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 144, 205-215.
Abstract: 

Active acoustic sensors are widely used in oceanographic and environmental studies. Although many have nominal operating frequencies above the range of marine mammal hearing, they can produce out-of-band sound that may be audible to marine mammals. Acoustic emissions from four active acoustic transducers were characterized and compared to marine mammal hearing thresholds. All four transducers had nominal operating frequencies above the reported upper limit of marine mammal hearing, but produced measurable sound below 160 kHz. A spatial map of the acoustic emissions of each sonar is used to evaluate potential effects on marine mammal hearing when the transducer is continuously operated from a stationary platform. Based on the cumulative sound exposure level metric, the acoustic emissions from the transducers are unlikely to cause temporary threshold shifts in marine mammals, but could affect animal behavior. The extent of audibility is estimated to be, at most, on the order of 100 m.

 

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