The concentration of human activities along the shoreline induces high levels of pressure, notably seascape urbanization caused by the proliferation of coastal and marine infrastructures such as ports, harbors, marinas and coastal defense structures. Because they are localized in sheltered and shallow coastal areas, these infrastructures inevitably lead to the loss of natural essential habitats once used as nursery ground by juvenile fish. Some studies have reported the presence of high juvenile densities on breakwaters and jetties suggesting those infrastructures could support the nursery function. However, ports seem unlikely to be used by juveniles due to their vertical and featureless docks. Here we explored the feasibility of using small artificial habitats to enhance the ecological value of ports. We set up a total of 108 artificial habitats in three different locations of the large commercial port of Marseille in the northwestern Mediterranean. We then surveyed juvenile fish on the artificial habitats and control docks on 7 different occasions between June and September 2014. Average species richness and densities were higher on the artificial habitats but displayed high spatial and taxa-specific variations. Hence, small artificial habitats are promising ecological engineering tools to enhance the nursery function inside ports and thus reduce the ecological footprint of those infrastructures.