With the development of society and the gradual enhancement of information science and technology, marine science and technology are gradually strengthened, the marine economy is playing an important part in our national economy. China's marine Energy Resources Total accumulation is very rich, and it is a great wealth, but the development of marine resources is not unlimited. Although it can promote the development of national economy, the sustainable development of marine resources should be considered. As the marine science and technology are growing today, the sustainability of marine resources is also seriously threatened. This paper analyzes the problems that encountered in the exploitation and utilization of marine resources and also in the protection of marine ecology. After expounding the importance of sustainable development of marine resources, the writer puts forward some methods and suggestions on how to make marine resources develop sustainably.